|Scientific Name:||Melanerpes herminieri (Lesson, 1830)|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
|Contributor(s):||Villard, P. & van Laere, G.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Benstead, P., Isherwood, I., Mahood, S., Wege, D. & Wheatley, H.|
This species has a very small range in which habitat degradation is causing the population to decline. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Melanerpes herminieri is endemic to Guadeloupe (to France) and inhabits the two main islands, Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre. The population on Grande Terre is decreasing as a result of clear cutting (G. van Laere in litt. 2016). The population on Basse-Terre is increasing (G. van Laere in litt. 2016).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population was estimated to comprise 7,920 pairs in 381 km2 on Basse-Terre, and 2,410 pairs in 135 km2 on Grande-Terre in 1994 (Villard and Rousteau 1998). Surveys in 2007 revealed no significant change, but a different methodology calculated a total population of 8,469 pairs (Villard et al. 2010). The population is therefore estimated to number at least 16,000 mature individuals, roughly equivalent to 24,000 individuals in total.|
Trend Justification: The population is stable (Villard et al. 2010). The population on Grande Terre is decreasing (G. van Laere in litt. 2016). On Basse Terre island, the National Park has performed an annual survey since 2009 based on the kilometric index method. This survey indicates an increasing trend (G. van Laere in litt. 2016).
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits semi-deciduous forest on igneous and clay ground, evergreen forest, mangroves and swamp forest (Villard and Rousteau 1998), and excavates nest holes in the trunks of dead trees (Raffaele et al. 1998). It occurs from sea-level to the tree-line at 1,000 m, but is most common at 100-700 m (Winkler et al. 1995, Villard and Rousteau 1998). Habitats with the highest estimated population densities have been found to be seasonal evergreen secondary growth forest, followed by swamp forest and rainforest (Villard et al. 2010). Food items taken include a variety of invertebrates, vertebrates and fruit (Villard 2000).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Generation Length (years):||5.1|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Major Threat(s):||Clear-cutting and the removal of dead trees are the main threats, but damage from hurricanes, road construction, airport enlargement and land development are all concerning (Raffaele et al. 1998, Villard and Rousteau 1998, Villard et al. 2010). Introduced rats Rattus spp. may also be a problem (Raffaele et al. 1998).|
Conservation Actions Underway
About 27% of remaining habitat is protected within the Guadeloupe national park (Villard et al. 2010). Following the 2007 survey, the National Park of Guadeloupe is doing an annual follow-up on transects.Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations regularly. Discourage the removal of dead trees. Discourage clear-cutting and the siting of new roads and airports in valuble habitats. Investigate the impact of rats on nesting success.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Raffaele, H., Wiley, J., Garrido, O., Keith, A., and Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.
Villard, P. 2000. Manipulation des proies et diversité du régime alimentaire du Pic de la Guadeloupe Melanerpes herminieri. Alauda 64: 257-264.
Villard, P; Feldmann, P.; Ferchal, A.; Pavis, C. 2010. Population size and habitat associations of the endemic Guadeloupe Woodpecker. Journal of Field Ornithology 81(3): 278-286.
Villard, P.; Rousteau, A. 1998. Habitats, density, population size, and the future of the Guadeloupe Woodpecker (Melanerpes herminieri). Ornitologia Neotropical 9(2): 121-128.
Winkler, H.; Christie, D. A.; Nurney, D. 1995. Woodpeckers: a guide to the woodpeckers, piculets and wrynecks of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.
|Citation:||BirdLife International. 2016. Melanerpes herminieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22680804A92879364.Downloaded on 25 March 2018.|
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