Triturus dobrogicus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Triturus dobrogicus
Species Authority: (Kiritzescu, 1903)
Common Name(s):
English Danube Crested Newt
Taxonomic Notes: The exact ranges of members of the Triturus cristatus superspecies are unclear in the central Balkans because of narrow or extensive areas of hybridization. Two isolated subspecies have been described, occurring to the east and west of the Iron Gates of the Danube.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Robert Jehle, Mathieu Denoël, Brandon Anthony, Claude Miaud, Wiesiek Babik, Milan Vogrin, David Tarkhnishvili, Vladimir Ishchenko, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Dan Cogalniceanu, Tibor Kovács, István Kiss
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
2004 Near Threatened
1996 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the lowlands of the Tisza and Danube River systems from eastern Austria, extreme southern Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, northern Croatia, extreme northern Bosnia-Herzegovina, northern Serbia and western Romania, eastwards to the Transcarpathian Plain in southern Romania, northern Bulgaria, southern Moldova (the lower reaches of the Prut River), and extreme southern Odesskaya Province (Ukraine). Individuals from north-eastern Slovenia (the Mura River) are hybrid forms with Triturus carnifex. It is generally found in lowland areas below 300m asl.
Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Hungary; Moldova; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Slovakia; Ukraine
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In general, populations of this species are rapidly declining as a result of habitat loss.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in open habitats with mixed deciduous forests and groves, bushlands, flooded meadows and swamps, and also in agricultural landscapes and villages, and riparian groves in the steppe regions. It might in some instances be strictly aquatic. This species may coexist with fish in oxbow lakes, river margins and other non-temporary waterbodies, and may also occur in disturbed habitats including those close to human settlement (Griffiths 1996). Reproduction takes place in small ponds with stagnant water, or in channels, ditches and flooded areas. It intergrades with other species of the former Triturus cristatus complex along the contact zones.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to this species are rapid anthropogenic habitat destruction (for example, through drainage and damming), and pollution of its wetland habitats (especially floodplains). Hybridization with other crested newt species at the edge of its range is also a threat. In the southern part of its range, there has been loss of breeding habitats in recent years due to decreased spring rains, perhaps as a result of global climate change.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in a number of protected areas, and in parts of its range mitigation measures to reduce road kill have been established. It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and is protected by national legislation in some of the areas where it occurs (for example, in Romania).

Bibliography [top]

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Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press.

Arntzen, J.W. 2003. Triturus cristatus Superspezies Kammolch-Artenkreis. In: Grossenbacher, K.G. and Thiesmeier, B. (eds), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Schwanzlurche (Urodela) IIA., pp. 421-514. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim.

Arntzen, J.W. and Wallis, G.P. 1999. Geographic variation and taxonomy of crested newts (Triturus cristatus superspecies): morphological and mitochondrial DNA data. Contributions to Zoology: 181-203.

Arntzen, J.W., Bugter, R.J.F., Cogalniceanu, D. and Wallis, G.P. 1997. The distribution and conservation status of the Danube crested newt, Triturus dobrogicus. Amphibia-Reptilia: 133-142.

Arntzen, J.W., Espregueira Themudo, G. and Wielstra, B. 2007. The phylogeny of crested newts (Triturus cristatus superspecies): nuclear and mitochondrial genetic characters suggest a hard polytomy, in line with the paleogeography of the centre of origin. Contributions to Zoology 76(4): 261-278.

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Cogalniceanu, D. and Miaud, C. 2003. Population age structure and growth of four syntopic amphibian species inhabiting a large river floodplain. Canadian Journal of Zoology: 1096-1106.

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Puky, M. 2003. Amphibian mitigation measures in Central-Europe. In: Irwin, L.C., Garrett, P. and McDermott, K.P. (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, 26-31 August, 2003, Lake Placid, New York, USA, pp. 413-429. Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, USA.

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Citation: Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Robert Jehle, Mathieu Denoël, Brandon Anthony, Claude Miaud, Wiesiek Babik, Milan Vogrin, David Tarkhnishvili, Vladimir Ishchenko, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Dan Cogalniceanu, Tibor Kovács, István Kiss 2009. Triturus dobrogicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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