|Scientific Name:||Triturus dobrogicus|
|Species Authority:||(Kiritzescu, 1903)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The exact ranges of members of the Triturus cristatus superspecies are unclear in the central Balkans because of narrow or extensive areas of hybridization. Two isolated subspecies have been described, occurring to the east and west of the Iron Gates of the Danube.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Robert Jehle, Mathieu Denoël, Brandon Anthony, Claude Miaud, Wiesiek Babik, Milan Vogrin, David Tarkhnishvili, Vladimir Ishchenko, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Dan Cogalniceanu, Tibor Kovács, István Kiss|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)|
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||This species is found in the lowlands of the Tisza and Danube River systems from eastern Austria, extreme southern Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, northern Croatia, extreme northern Bosnia-Herzegovina, northern Serbia and western Romania, eastwards to the Transcarpathian Plain in southern Romania, northern Bulgaria, southern Moldova (the lower reaches of the Prut River), and extreme southern Odesskaya Province (Ukraine). Individuals from north-eastern Slovenia (the Mura River) are hybrid forms with Triturus carnifex. It is generally found in lowland areas below 300m asl.|
Native:Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Hungary; Moldova; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Slovakia; Ukraine
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In general, populations of this species are rapidly declining as a result of habitat loss.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is found in open habitats with mixed deciduous forests and groves, bushlands, flooded meadows and swamps, and also in agricultural landscapes and villages, and riparian groves in the steppe regions. It might in some instances be strictly aquatic. This species may coexist with fish in oxbow lakes, river margins and other non-temporary waterbodies, and may also occur in disturbed habitats including those close to human settlement (Griffiths 1996). Reproduction takes place in small ponds with stagnant water, or in channels, ditches and flooded areas. It intergrades with other species of the former Triturus cristatus complex along the contact zones.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this species are rapid anthropogenic habitat destruction (for example, through drainage and damming), and pollution of its wetland habitats (especially floodplains). Hybridization with other crested newt species at the edge of its range is also a threat. In the southern part of its range, there has been loss of breeding habitats in recent years due to decreased spring rains, perhaps as a result of global climate change.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is present in a number of protected areas, and in parts of its range mitigation measures to reduce road kill have been established. It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and is protected by national legislation in some of the areas where it occurs (for example, in Romania).|
1995. Amphibian Populations in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Current Status and Declines. Pensoft, Moscow.
1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d?Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press.
Arntzen, J.W. 2003. Triturus cristatus Superspezies Kammolch-Artenkreis. In: Grossenbacher, K.G. and Thiesmeier, B. (eds), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Schwanzlurche (Urodela) IIA., pp. 421-514. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim.
Arntzen, J.W. and Wallis, G.P. 1999. Geographic variation and taxonomy of crested newts (Triturus cristatus superspecies): morphological and mitochondrial DNA data. Contributions to Zoology: 181-203.
Arntzen, J.W., Bugter, R.J.F., Cogalniceanu, D. and Wallis, G.P. 1997. The distribution and conservation status of the Danube crested newt, Triturus dobrogicus. Amphibia-Reptilia: 133-142.
Arntzen, J.W., Espregueira Themudo, G. and Wielstra, B. 2007. The phylogeny of crested newts (Triturus cristatus superspecies): nuclear and mitochondrial genetic characters suggest a hard polytomy, in line with the paleogeography of the centre of origin. Contributions to Zoology 76(4): 261-278.
Böhme, W, Grossenbacher, K. and Thiesmeier, B. 1999. Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, band 4/I:Schwanzlurche (Urodela)..
Cogalniceanu, D. and Miaud, C. 2002. Age, Survival and Growth in Triturus dobrogicus (Amphibia, Urodela) from the Lower Danube Floodplain. International Association Danube Research: 777-783.
Cogalniceanu, D. and Miaud, C. 2003. Population age structure and growth of four syntopic amphibian species inhabiting a large river floodplain. Canadian Journal of Zoology: 1096-1106.
Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dzukic, G., Krstic, N. and Kalezic, M.L. 1997. Evolutionary and paleogeographical effects on the distribution of the Triturus cristatus superspecies in the central Balkans. Amphibia-Reptilia: 321-332.
Crnobrnja-Isailovi?, J., Aleksi?, I. and Arntzen, J.W. 2005. The Status of Great Crested Newt Breeding Sites in Serbia. Froglog 67: 2-3.
Dely, G. 1967. Kétélt?ek-Amphibia: Magyarország Állatvilága, Faunae Hungariae. Ákadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
Griffiths, R.A. 1996. Newts and Salamanders of Europe. Poyser Natural History, London.
IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org/europe. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).
Jehle, R., Hödl, W. and Thonke, A. 1995. Structure and dynamics of central European amphibian populations: A comparison between Triturus dobrogicus (Amphibia, Urodela) and Pelobates fuscus (Amphibia, Anura). Australian Journal of Ecology: 362-366.
Kalezic, M. and Dzukic, G. 2001. Amphibian status in Serbia and Montenegro (FR Yugoslavia). FrogLog.
Kovács, T. 2002. Monitoring of amphibians and reptiles along the Drava River. FrogLog.
Kuzmin, S.L. 1995. Die Amphibien Russlands und Angrenzender Gebiete. Westarp ? Spektrum, Magdeburg - Heidelberg.
Kuzmin, S.L. 1996. Threatened amphibians in the former Soviet Union: the current situation and the main threats. Oryx: 24-30.
Kuzmin, S.L. 1999. The Amphibians of the Former Soviet Union. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow.
Litvinchuk, S.N. and Borkin, L. 2000. Intraspecific taxonomy and nomenclature of the Danube crested newt, Triturus dobrogicus. Amphibia-Reptilia: 419-430.
Puky, M. 2000. A kétéltûek védelme Magyarországon (Conservation of amphibians in Hungary). In: Faragó, S. (ed.), Gerinces állatfajok védelme (Conservation of vertebrate species), pp. 143-158. Nyugat-Magyarországi Egyetem Erdõmérnöki Kar, Sopron.
Puky, M. 2003. Amphibian mitigation measures in Central-Europe. In: Irwin, L.C., Garrett, P. and McDermott, K.P. (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, 26-31 August, 2003, Lake Placid, New York, USA, pp. 413-429. Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, USA.
Puky, M. et al. 2003. Preliminary herpetological atlas of Hungary. Varangy Akciócsoport Egyesület, Budapest.
Thorn, R. 1968. Les salamandres d?Europe, d?Asia, et d?Afrique du Nord. Éditions Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
Vogrin, M. 2002. Amphibians. In: Vogrin, M. (ed.), Nature in municipality Kidricevo, pp. 99-106. Municipality Kidricevo.
|Citation:||Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Robert Jehle, Mathieu Denoël, Brandon Anthony, Claude Miaud, Wiesiek Babik, Milan Vogrin, David Tarkhnishvili, Vladimir Ishchenko, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Dan Cogalniceanu, Tibor Kovács, István Kiss 2009. Triturus dobrogicus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 June 2013.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|