|Scientific Name:||Lophostoma brasiliense|
|Species Authority:||(Peters, 1866)|
Tonatia brasiliense (Peters, 1866)
|Taxonomic Notes:||Genus was recently split from Tonatia.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern because it is widely distributed and tolerant of a variety of habitats.
|Range Description:||Central, and South America. This bat is distributed from southern Veracruz, Mexico, south to Peru and eastward across northern Brazil; also Trinidad (Reid, 1997). It is common below 500 m elevation in Venezuela (Handley, 1976).|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Uncommon but widespread (Emmons and Feer, 1997).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is strongly associated with stream side habitats, evergreen forest and other moist areas but can range into deciduous forests (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999); also in second growth woodland, and fruit groves (Reid, 1997), and is broadly tolerant of man-made clearings in Venezuela (Handley, 1976). This species has been seen roosting in abandoned termite nests (Goodwin and Greenhall, 1961). Usually caught in mist nets shortly after sunset. Pregnant females were found in February and April in Costa Rica (LaVal and Fitch, 1977). It feeds on insects and perhaps occasionally fruits (Emmons and Feer, 1997). Found in eucalyptus plantations in Brazil. Insectivore; gleaner.|
|Major Threat(s):||Loss of tree cover, although this is not considered to be a major threat.|
The species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range.
In Mexico is listed as endangered under NOM - 059 - SEMARNAT - 2001 (as Tonatia brasiliensis) (Arroyo-Cabrales pers. comm.)
Eisenberg, J. F. and Redford, K. H. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics: The Central Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Goodwin, G. G. and Greenhal, A. M. 1961. A review of the bats of Trinidad and Tobago. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 122(3): 187-302.
Handley Jr., C. O. 1976. Mammals of the Smithsonian Venezuelan Project. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series 20: 1-91.
La Val, R. K. and Fitch, H. S. 1977. Structure, movements and reproduction in three Costa Rican bat communities. Occasional papers of the Museum of Natural History, the University of Kansas 69: 1–27.
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
|Citation:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2008. Lophostoma brasiliense. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 December 2013.|
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