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Telmatobius peruvianus 

Scope:Global
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Telmatobiidae

Scientific Name: Telmatobius peruvianus
Species Authority: Wiegmann, 1834
Common Name(s):
English Peru Water Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-20
Assessor(s): Javier Icochea, Edgar Lehr, Daniel Neira, Ulrich Sinsch, Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in the Chilean Andes.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Vulnerable (VU)
1996 Data Deficient (DD)
1994 Vulnerable (V)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the south-eastern Andes of Perú (Moquegua and Tacna departments), and a single site in Chile: Putre, Parinacota Province, close to the Peruvian border, at 3,300m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Chile; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is little recent information on the status of this species in Peru. The small Chilean population is declining, and was last seen in 1986; several visits to the site in 1996 and 2003 failed to turn up any records.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a riparian, semi-aquatic frog, occurring in streams and small rivers in the high Andes. Breeding takes place in streams. It is not known to occur in modified or degraded habitats.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Small-scale collection occurs for food and medicine.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In Peru, there are some localized threats including habitat loss, through mining and agricultural activities, and small-scale harvesting for food and medicine. In Chile, it is locally threatened by human water consumption and water pollution, leading to the drying out of streams. Telmatobius species living at high elevations might be particularly prone to infection with chytrid, although this pathogen has yet to be reported from T. peruvianus.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has not been recorded from any protected areas, and there is a need for improved habitat protection at sites at which the species has been recorded. In Chile, there is a need for further survey work to determine the species' current population status. There is a need for close monitoring of the status of this species given the potential threat of chytridiomycosis.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.2. National level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.2. National level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.3. Sub-national level

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.1. Abstraction of surface water (domestic use)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis)
♦ timing: Future    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Díaz-Páez, H. and Ortiz, J.C. 2003. Evaluación del estado de conservación de los anfibios en Chile. Assessment of the conservation status of amphibians in Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 76: 509-525.

Formas, J.R. 1995. Anfibios. In: Simonetti, J.M., Arroyo, T.K., Spotorno, A. and Loz, E. (eds), Diversidad Biológica de Chile, Comisión nacional de ciencia y tecnología (CONICYT), Santiago-Chile.

Glade, A. 1993. Red List of Chilean Terrestrial vertebrates. Corporación nacional forestal (CONAF), Santiago-Chile.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Rodríguez, L.O., Cordova, J.H. and Icochea, J. 1993. Lista preliminar de los anfibios del Peru.: 1-22.

Servicio Agrícola Ganadero. 1998. Cartilla de caza. Imp. I. Flores, Santiago de Chile.

Vellard, J. 1951. Estudios sobre batrachios andinos. I. El grupo Telmatobius y formas afines. Memorias del Museo de Histoire Natural "Javier Prado": 1-89.

Veloso, A. and Navarro, J. 1988. Lista Sistemática y distribución geográfica de anfibios y reptiles de Chile. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali - Torino: 481-539.

Veloso, A., Sallaberry, M., Navarro, J., Iturra, P., Valencia, J., Penna, M. and Díaz, N. 1982. Contribución sistemática al conocimiento de la herpetofauna del extremo norte de Chile. In: Veloso, A. and Bustos-Obregón, E. (eds), El ambiente natural y las poblaciones humanas de los Andes del norte grande de Chile (Arica, Lat 18º 28' S), Vol. 1, pp. 135-268. ROSTLAC, UNESCO, Montevideo, Uruguay.


Citation: Javier Icochea, Edgar Lehr, Daniel Neira, Ulrich Sinsch, Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez. 2010. Telmatobius peruvianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T21584A9292376. . Downloaded on 31 May 2016.
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