|Scientific Name:||Artibeus lituratus|
|Species Authority:||(Olfers, 1818)|
Artibeus intermedius Allen, 1897
|Taxonomic Notes:||Subgenus Artibeus. Includes palmarum. Includes intermedius. It is not appropriate to treat intermedius as a subspecies of lituratus because it supposedly co-occurs with other populations of lituratus (referred to palmarum, which has priority) at several Central American localities. Because there are no characters that unambiguously separate palmarum and intermedius, it seems most likely that intermedius simply represents individuals of palmarum that fall at the lower end of the normal range of size variation. Accordingly, intermediusis treated as a junior synonym of A. lituratus palmarum (Simmons 2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Barquez, R., Perez, S., Miller, B. & Diaz, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||Michoacan, Sinaloa, and Tamaulipas (Mexico) south to Southern Brazil, Northern Argentina, and Bolivia; Trinidad and Tobago; Southern Lesser Antilles; Trés Marías Isls (Simmons 2005).|
Native:Argentina; Barbados; Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Grenada; Guatemala; Honduras; Martinique; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Found in forests and natural areas. Good seed disperser (Barquez et al. 1999)|
|Major Threat(s):||Deforestation, but not a major threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||Avoid deforestation. Found in protected areas.|
Barquez, R. M. 1999. The Bats of Argentina (Special Publications (Texas Tech University Museum)). Museum of Texas Tech University.
Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Barquez, R., Perez, S., Miller, B. & Diaz, M. 2008. Artibeus lituratus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 05 December 2013.|
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