|Scientific Name:||Srilankamys ohiensis|
|Species Authority:||(Phillips, 1929)|
Rattus ohiensis Phillips, 1929
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||de A. Goonatilake, W.I.L.D.P.T.S., Nameer, P.O. & Molur, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence is estimated to be less than 10,000 km², while the area of occupancy is estimated at 600 km². based on survey data and available habitats (Molur et al. 2005). It is found in a few severely fragmented locations and is facing a continuing decline in its habitat quality.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the central highlands of Sri Lanka, known from a few fragmented locations in Central Province, Sabaragamuwa Province and Uva Province at elevations ranging from 915 to 2,310 m asl (Molur et al. 2005; Musser and Carleton 2005).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information available on the population abundance of this species (Molur et al. 2005).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a nocturnal and fossorial species. It occurs in lowland and montane evergreen forests (Molur et al. 2005).|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss and degradation due to expansion of agriculture, clear-cutting, forest fire in Horton Plains, undergrowth clearing in Knuckles Range, and predation by domestic carnivores have been observed to be the major threats for this species (Molur et al. 2005; W.I.L.D.P.T.S. de A. Goonatilake in litt. 2005).|
|Conservation Actions:||The species is not protected by any legislation. It is known from Horton Plains National Park, Knuckles Range Forest Reserve in Central Province; Delwala Forest Reserve and Sinharaja Forest Reserve in Sabaragamuwa Province. Survey, life history studies and monitoring are recommended for this species (Molur et al. 2005).|
Molur, S., Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B., Walker, S., Nameer, P. O. and Ravikumar, L. 2005. Status of non-volant small mammals: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P) workshop report. Zoo Outreach Organisation / CBSG-South Asia., Comibatore, India.
Musser, G. G. and Carleton, M. D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D. E. Wilson and D. A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Phillips, W. W. A. 1980. Manual of the Mammals of Sri Lanka. Part 1. Wildlife and Nature Protection Society of Sri Lanka.
|Citation:||de A. Goonatilake, W.I.L.D.P.T.S., Nameer, P.O. & Molur, S. 2008. Srilankamys ohiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 February 2015.|
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