|Scientific Name:||Ephedra tilhoana|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bell, A. & Bachman, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
With so few known collections it is uncertain whether E. tilhoana represents a good species or is an outlying population of E. distachya. Further surveys are needed in the type locality to confirm the status of E. tilhoana, which, if recognized as a distinct species is likely to be highly restricted and possibly threatened.
|Range Description:||Thought to be endemic to Emi-Koussi volcano in the Tibetsi mountain chain of Chad. Occurs at 2,000 m to 2,600 m.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Possibly restricted to a single population on the mountain slopes. Has been collected on several occasions at this locality, although not recently.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A shrub found growing on mountain summits.|
|Use and Trade:||ntain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).|
|Major Threat(s):||The plant is grazed by camels and goats, its fruits are eaten by jackals (Maire 1932), but these are not considered to be major threats.|
|Conservation Actions:||The Tibetsi mountains are under no formal protection. No seed has been collected for this species and no collections are known from botanic gardens. Surveys in the area are needed to see if the plant is still extant and to gather collections so that identification can be determined as it may be an outlying population of E. distachya.|
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Maire, R.C.J.E. 1932. Plantes nouvelles du Tibetsi (mission Tilho et Dalloni). Bulletin du Museum national d'histoire naturelle 11(4): 903.
Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.
Quezel, P. 1958. Mission botanique au Tibesti. Universite d'Alger - Institute de Recherches Sahariensis, Algiers.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.
|Citation:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra tilhoana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.|
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