Ephedra khurikensis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra khurikensis
Species Authority: P.Sharma & P.L.Uniyal
Taxonomic Notes: This species is named after the place of occurrence where it was first located, Khurik (District Spiti) in Himachal Pradesh.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-06-02
Assessor(s): Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
There is very little known about the status of this recently described species. Further surveys in the area of the type collection and surrounding region should be made to determine population size and status. No known threats are apparent at present, but a rating of Data Deficient is suggested until further information on the population can be obtained.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Ephedra khurikensis is found in the western Himalayas (Himachal Pradesh), India.
Countries occurrence:
India (Himachal Pradesh)
Upper elevation limit (metres):2800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is not known.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub, found growing in open ground in dry gravel soil of Khurik (District Spiti) above 2,800 m. Flowering is from July to August and it produces seeds from August to September (Sharma et al. 2010).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The known occurrence of E. khurikensis is in close proximity to several protected areas including the Pin Valley National Park. No collections are known to have been made for ex situ conservation.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
8. Desert -> 8.3. Desert - Cold
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.

Sharma, P., Uniyal, P.L. and Hammer, O. 2010. Two new species of Ephedra (Ephedraceae) from the western Himalayan region. Systematic Botany 35(4): 730-735.

Citation: Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra khurikensis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201715A9172173. . Downloaded on 28 November 2015.
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