|Scientific Name:||Ephedra transitoria|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bell, A. & Bachman, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
The distribution, habitat preferences and lack of direct threats to E. transitoria suggest the species is stable and Least Concern at present. However, few collections have been recorded recently so further surveys are encouraged in this region to make certain the species is still extant and populations are healthy.
|Range Description:||E. transitoria has a Mesopotamian distribution with occurrence in the following countries: Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria and Jordan. Occurs from 100 m to 600 m.|
Native:Iraq; Jordan; Saudi Arabia; Syrian Arab Republic
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is not known. Recorded as a rare plant in sandy runnels on limestone (Miller and Cope 1996).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A shrub, occurring in dry desert, often on gravelly plains. Associated with Artemisia sieberi, Achillea fragrantissima, Noaea mucronata, Haloxylon articulatum, Helianthemum lippii and Poa sinaica (Freitag and Maier-Stolte 1994).|
|Use and Trade:||The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).|
|Major Threat(s):||Reported to be grazed by livestock and used by the Bedouin for fuel (Freitag and Maier-Stolte 1994), but these are not thought to be major threats at present.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known ex situ collections or occurrences within protected areas.|
Freitag, H. and Maier-Stolte, M. 1994. Ephedraceae. In: K. Browicz (ed.) (ed.), Chorology of the Trees and Shrubs in South-west Asia and Adjacent Regions, pp. 5-16 & 39-52. Bogucki Publishers, Poznan, Poland.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Miller, A.G. and Cope, T.A. 1996. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.
|Citation:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra transitoria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2015.|
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