|Scientific Name:||Ephedra trifurcata|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bell, A. & Bachman, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
Only known from a single location in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile. The exact location is uncertain and it is not known whether there have been recent botanical surveys in the region. Further surveys in the region are needed to determine if this species is still extant, otherwise, considering the proximity to a large urban area and general threats of habitat conversion, the species may warrant a threatened rating. At present it is rated as Data Deficient (DD) based on insufficient information to apply the Red List Criteria.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Chile and the commune of Valparaíso. Has a narrow altitudinal range occurring between 200 m and 300 m.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is not known.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A shrub to 2 m tall. Likely to be found in dry shrub or scrub at low elevation.|
|Use and Trade:||The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species occurs at low altitudes and within proximity of a large urban area and holiday resort. Expansion of the urban area and conversion of land for agriculture on the lower slopes within this region are potential threats.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is not known to occur in any protected area or botanic garden and no known seed collection for ex situ conservation. Further surveys in the region are needed to determine if this species is still extant.|
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.
Zollner, O. 1975. Una Ephedra nueva para la flora Chilena. Ephedra trifurcata Zollner, nov. spec. Anales Museo Historian Natural de Valparaiso 8: 81-84.
|Citation:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra trifurcata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.|
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