Ephedra strobilacea 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra strobilacea
Species Authority: Bunge
Ephedra strobilacea Bunge subspecies microbracteata (Ghahr.) Freitag & M.Maier-Stolte

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-20
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
This is a wide ranging species with no major threats identified at present, hence is listed as Least Concern. The collection of samples of this species for ex situ conservation is encouraged as well as further surveys to better understand the present status of populations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Occurs from Central Asia to Iran (Irano-Turanian distribution) and is recorded from 700 m up to 2,500 m.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
Lower elevation limit (metres):700
Upper elevation limit (metres):2500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is not known, but it is sometimes reported as abundant.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub which grows in arid, desert areas on sandy slopes. Seeds are likely to be wind-dispersed. Flowers from April to May.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known collections in ex situ conservation such as botanic gardens or seed banks. The range of the species overlaps some protected areas. Further surveys across the range are suggested to better understand the status of populations.

Classifications [top]

0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability: Suitable  
8. Desert -> 8.2. Desert - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra strobilacea. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201682A9163984. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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