|Scientific Name:||Ephedra laristanica|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bell, A. & Bachman, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
E. laristanica is endemic to Iran and known from a small number of specimens and a restricted range (ca. 10,000 km²). However, it occurs in fairly remote areas, often above 1,000 m and does not appear to be affected by any threatening processes at present. The population is believed to be stable, but further surveys in the region should be carried out to determine population size and to detect any declines or potential threats. The species is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Iran. Occurs from 400 m to 1,200 m.|
Native:Iran, Islamic Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is not known.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A shrub, up to 0.6 m tall, found growing in dry wadi beds and rocky slopes. Flowers in March.|
|Use and Trade:||The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||A single collection has been recorded from the Hormod National Protected Area. There are no known specimens in botanic gardens and no known ex situ collections e.g. samples in seed banks.|
Assadi, M. 1996. A new species of Ephedra L. and reports of two new or interesting grasses from Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 7(1): 1-6.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at: http://www.pfaf.org/user/plantsearch.aspx.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.
|Citation:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra laristanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2015.|
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