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Aloe jucunda 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Liliales Aloaceae

Scientific Name: Aloe jucunda Reynolds

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-08-18
Assessor(s): Weber, O.
Reviewer(s): Beentje, H.J. & Hilton-Taylor, C.
Justification:
Aloe jucunda is a narrow endemic from northern Somalia. It only occurs on limestone in forest habitat which is showing extensive  signs of degradation (Carter et al. 2011). Considering the low number of collections from only three localities and the deterioration of the forest habitat of A. jucunda, it seems appropriate to assess it as Critically Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Aloe jucunda is found in the Hargeisa district in northern Somalia where it is confined to the upper slopes of the Gaan Libah plateau between 1,100 and 1,700 m.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Somalia
Additional data:
Number of Locations:3
Lower elevation limit (metres):1100
Upper elevation limit (metres):1700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a narrow endemic known from an area about 30 km across.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Aloe jucunda occurs in Juniperus-Buxus forest (Flora of Somalia) on limestone.
Systems:Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is circumstantial evidence that almost all Aloe species are used medicinally where they exist (PC14 Doc. 9.2.2 – p. 99).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The habitat of Aloe jucunda was showing signs of degradation in 1981 (S. Carter pers. comm.) and this has continued. This has been because of the impacts of intensive grazing by livestock, wood-cutting and charcoal burning (Carter et al. 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Somalia does not have any protected areas. There are several plants of Aloe jucunda in cultivation at RBG Kew. No seeds have been stored in the Millennium Seed Bank at Kew.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:No
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Yes
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.3. Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Anonymous. 2003. Review of Significant Trade East African Aloes. PC14 Doc. 9.2.2 Annex 4, pages 93-108. Available at: http://www.cites.org/eng/com/pc/14/E-PC14-09-02-02-A4.pdf.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2013).

Oldfield, S. 1997. Tropical Africa (Chapter 3 in part). Cactus and Succulent Plants: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, pp. 52-59. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Thulin, M. 1995. Flora of Somalia. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond.


Citation: Weber, O. 2013. Aloe jucunda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T201368A2702781. . Downloaded on 21 November 2017.
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