Abronia montecristoi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Anguidae

Scientific Name: Abronia montecristoi Hidalgo, 1983
Common Name(s):
English Monte Cristo Arboreal Alligator Lizard, Montecristo Arboreal Alligator Lizard

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-05-07
Assessor(s): Townsend, J.H. & Köhler , G.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P.
This species is assessed as Endangered because it has an extent of occurrence of approximately 800 km2, occurs in only two locations, is restricted to intact forest, and is experiencing a continuing declines in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This lizard occurs in the Montecristo National Park at the border of El Salvador-Honduras-Guatemala and at Quebrada Grande in western Honduras (Köhler 2003). It has been collected at 1,370-2,250 (Kohler 2008, Wilson and Johnson 2010).
Countries occurrence:
El Salvador; Honduras
Additional data:
Number of Locations:2
Lower elevation limit (metres):1370
Upper elevation limit (metres):2250
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is declining as inferred from the ongoing destruction of its old growth habitat in Honduras. The habitat in El Salvador is better preserved.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits the intact cloud forest (Wilson and Johnson 2010). This species is arboreal and occurs in epiphyte mats. it probably does not occur in disturbed areas.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no known use or trade in this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by ongoing deforestation for timber extraction and the expansion of the agricultural frontier.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in Monte Cristo National Park and just outside of Cerro Azul de Copan National Park. Measures needed are greater resources to park operations as well as policies to prevent forest destruction.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Percentage of population protected by PAs (0-100):0
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 

Bibliography [top]

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Hidalgo, H. 1983. Two new species of Abronia (Sauria: Anguidae) from the cloud forests of El Salvador. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 105: 1-11.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: (Accessed: 13 November 2013).

Köhler, G. 2003. Reptiles of Central America. Herpeton, Germany.

Wilson, L.D. and Johnson, J.D. 2010. Distributional patterns of the herpetofauna of Mesoamerica, a biodiversity hotspot. In: L.D. Wilson, J.H. Townsend, J.H. and J.D. Johnson (eds), Conservation of Mesoamerican amphibians and reptiles, pp. 30-235. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah, USA.

Wilson, L.D., Townsend, J.H. and Johnson, J.D. (eds). 2010. Conservation of Mesoamerican Amphibians and Reptiles. pp. 816. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah.

Citation: Townsend, J.H. & Köhler , G. 2013. Abronia montecristoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T20A2774433. . Downloaded on 23 June 2018.
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