|Scientific Name:||Pultenaea whiteana|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D1 ver 3.1|
Pultenaea whiteana is listed as Vulnerable in view of the highly restricted distribution of the two known locations within the Mount Barney National Park in Queensland (extent of occurrence is ~240 km2). The population of this small shrub, that grows at high altitude in heathlands and forests, contains fewer than 1,000 individuals. There are threats to the area including changes in fire regimes, habitat degradation through increased tourism, changes in habitat due to introduced species and impact from climate change, intensifying fires, increases in temperature and soil erosion. It is recommended that population numbers and range, habitat status and level of threat are continued to be monitored. If the threats are confirmed to be impacting this species then it would qualify for listing as Endangered under criterion B1ab(iii).
|Range Description:||Pultenaea whiteana is endemic to Australia, distributed in the state of Queensland, confined to Mt. Maroon and Mt. Barney in the Southern Moreton District.|
Native:Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species occurs entirely within Mount Barney National Park with a total population of less than 1,000 individuals (Briggs and Leigh 1996). It was recently collected in 2003.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Small shrub that grows in heathlands (associated with Acacia brunioides) or as understorey in Eucalyptus codonocarpa forest. It is recorded from montane shrublands and heaths and on cliffs (de Kok and West 2002).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no direct threats to this species, however, the rainforests of the area were extensively cleared over the past 200 years for agriculture and large scale mechanized logging, reducing their distribution and affecting the viability of the remaining patches (Department of the Environment and Heritage 2000). The Gondwana Rainforest World Heritage Area receives up to two million tourists each year, even simple activities like bushwalking can lead to vegetation damage and soil erosion. Furthermore, the vegetation of the reserves is affected by introduced fungal pathogens, weeds and animals (weeds of major concern are mistflower, lantana, camphor laurel and Madeira vine; and pest animals include pigs, foxes, cats, goats and wild dogs). Climate change is the most threatening process impacting relic species in restricted habitats at higher altitude, with changes in fire regimes, acidic rainfall, increased erosion and increase in temperature identified as major threats as a result from climate change. More extreme and more frequent wildfires are likely to have a major impact on the fire-sensitive rainforest and alpine forest communities and the organisms that they support (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts 2010; Department of the Environment and Heritage 2000; Heath 2008). A 1°C rise in temperature, expected to occur by about 2050, could result in a 50% decrease in the area of highland rainforests in the Wet Topics of Queensland world heritage property (Heath 2008).|
|Conservation Actions:||Only known to occur within the Mount Barney National Park, part of the Gondwana Rainforests of Australia World Heritage area. A management strategy for the National Park was in preparation in 2000 (World Conservation Monitoring centre 2008). This species is not listed as Threatened in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act), however, it is listed as 2RC-t by Briggs and Leigh (1996), a rare species with a geographic range less than 100 km2 with less than 1,000 plants known to occur within a protected area, total known population occurs within the reserved area. It is also listed as Vulnerable wildlife under the Nature Conservation Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2010. It is recommended that the seeds of this species are banked as an ex situ conservation measure, and that monitoring of the population, habitat status and level of threat are continued.|
Briggs, J.D. and Leigh, J.H. 1995. Rare or threatened Australian plants. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Canberra.
de Kok, R.P.J. and West, J.G. 2002. A revision of Pultenaea (Fabaceae) 1. Species with ovaries glabrous and/or with tufted hairs. Australian Systematic Botany 15: 81–113.
Department of the Environment and Heritage. 2000. Strategic overview for management of the World Heritage Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia. CERRA. In: Commonwealth of Australia (ed.). Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra.
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 2010. Gondwana Rainforest of Australia Information Sheet. In: Australian Government (ed.), Australia's World Heritage Places. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra.
Hacker, J.B. 1990. A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland. University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia.
Hearth, L. 2008. Garnaut Climate Change Review. Impacts of climate change on Australia’s World Heritage properties and their values. In: ANU Institute for Environment, The Australian National University (ed.).
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 17 October 2012).
UNEP-WCMC. 2008. Gondwana Rainforests of Australia. United National Environment Programme. World Heritage Sites. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.
|Citation:||Malcolm, P. 2012. Pultenaea whiteana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 July 2014.|