|Scientific Name:||Macrobrachium rosenbergii|
|Species Authority:||(De Man, 1879)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The nomenclature of this species is confusing, but has been recently fully resolved by Wowor and Ng (2007) and Ng and Wowor (2011).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||De Grave, S., Shy, J., Wowor, D. & Page, T.|
|Reviewer(s):||Cumberlidge, N. & Smith, K.|
The natural range of this species is eastwards from eastern Pakistan up to Borneo and Java (Wowor and Ng 2007, as M.dacqueti). Throughout its range it is extensively fished for, as well as being the main focus for freshwater shrimp aquaculture. Although commercially fished for throughout its range it is not thought to represent a threat to the global population. In view of its large natural range and the absence of any known, major threats the species is considered as of Least Concern.
|Range Description:||The natural range of this species is eastwards from eastern Pakistan up to Borneo and Java (Wowor and Ng 2007, as M.dacqueti). The species is widely cultured both within its natural range and far beyond (Africa, South America). Established populations of aquaculture escapees have been recorded in Para, Brazil (Silva-Oliviera et al. 2011) and Martinique (Lim et al. 2002). Further specimens have been in Sao Paulo state, but these may represent a non-breeding population.|
Native:Bangladesh; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Jawa); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar (Myanmar (mainland)); Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Thailand
Introduced:Brazil (Pará, São Paulo); Martinique
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Despite being intensely studied for aquaculture purposes, the population trends in wild populations are unknown.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species lives in large rivers and stream with a connection to the sea.|
|Use and Trade:||Throughout its native range, this is the most important commercial species of freshwater shrimp (Holthuis 1980).|
|Major Threat(s):||No threats have been identified to the species. Although it is commercially fished for throughout its range, this is not thought to represent a threat to the global population.|
|Conservation Actions:||No specific conservation actions are in place, although in many parts of its range it likely occurs in protected areas.|
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. FAO Species catalogue. Vol. 1. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO, Rome.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
Lim, P., Meunier, F.J., Keith, P. and Noël, P.Y. 2002. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce de la Martinique. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Silva-Oliviera, G.C., Ready, J.S., Iketani, G., Bastos, S., Gomes, G., Samapaio, I. and Macie, C.l. 2011. The invasive status of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) in Northern Brazil, with an estimation of areas at risk globally. Aquatic Invasions 6: 319-328.
Wowor, D. and Ng, P.K.L. 2007. The giant freshwater prawns of the Macrobrachium rosenbergii species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55: 321-336.
|Citation:||De Grave, S., Shy, J., Wowor, D. & Page, T. 2013. Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 December 2014.|
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