|Scientific Name:||Abies nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana|
Abies bornmuelleriana Mattif.
Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach subspecies bornmuelleriana (Mattf.) Coode & Cullen
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||There are several different treatments for this taxon. The most common is to use the names Abies bornmuelleriana or A. nordmanniana ssp. bornmuelleriana for the subpopulation that is in NW Turkey adjacent to the Black Sea coast. For this assessment these names are treated as synonyms for A. nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Gardner, M. & Knees, S.|
|Reviewer(s):||Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.|
Even though the wood is highly prized it still forms extensive forests throughout its natural range which are largely intact and has an extensive distribution throughout the Black Sea Region NW Turkey through to western Caucasus. It has been assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||The distribution is mainly confined to the mountains adjacent to southern and eastern Black Sea area. There is a concentration of forest (A. nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana) in west Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia) and northeast Anatolia (Turkey) and another concentration in northwest Anatolia. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are not known but will exceed the threshold for being threatened.|
Native:Armenia (Armenia); Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation; Turkey
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It occurs in two subpopulations. 1. West Caucasus and northeast Anatolia (Turkey); 2. Turkey - Northwest Anatolia (the latter sometimes referred to as A. bornmuelleriana)|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||High montane zones of mountains on deep fertile soils derived from igneous and granite rocks. It forms both pure stands and mixed with Picea orientalis, Fagus sylvatica, Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra. In the Caucasus it occurs between 1,200-2,200 asl but on damper northern slopes it can grow between 600-800 m asl and in Turkey its altitudinal range is between 200-1,900 m (Browicz 1982).|
|Use and Trade:||Important timber tree in the Caucasus and Turkey where it is highly valued for its straight grain and easily workable wood for building materials, especially veneer (Farjon 2010). It is used as a commercial plantation tree in many European countries, particularly for the Christmas tree market|
|Major Threat(s):||Even though the wood is highly prized, logging has not had an significantly detrimental impact on the population.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is known from several protected areas.|
Browicz, K. 1982. Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsawa.
Farjon, A. 2001. World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. 2nd edition. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Kaya, Z. and Raynal, D.J. 2001. Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation 97: 131-141.
|Citation:||Gardner, M. & Knees, S. 2011. Abies nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T196098A8995492. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.|
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