Abies nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach ssp. nordmanniana
Parent Species:
Abies bornmuelleriana Mattif.
Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach ssp. bornmuelleriana (Mattf.) Coode & Cullen
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: There are several different treatments for this taxon. The most common is to use the names Abies bornmuelleriana or A. nordmanniana ssp. bornmuelleriana for the subpopulation that is in NW Turkey adjacent to the Black Sea coast. For this assessment these names are treated as synonyms for  A. nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-05-11
Assessor(s): Gardner, M. & Knees, S.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.
Even though the wood is highly prized it still forms extensive forests throughout its natural range which are largely intact and has an extensive distribution throughout the Black Sea Region NW Turkey through to western Caucasus. It has been assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The distribution is mainly confined to the mountains adjacent to southern and eastern Black Sea area. There is a concentration of  forest (A. nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana) in west Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia) and northeast Anatolia (Turkey) and another concentration in northwest Anatolia. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are not known but will exceed the threshold for being threatened.
Countries occurrence:
Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation; Turkey
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It occurs in two subpopulations. 1. West Caucasus and northeast Anatolia (Turkey); 2. Turkey - Northwest Anatolia (the latter sometimes referred to as A. bornmuelleriana)
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:High montane zones of mountains on deep fertile soils derived from igneous and granite rocks. It forms both pure stands and mixed with Picea orientalis, Fagus sylvatica, Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra. In the Caucasus it occurs between 1,200-2,200 asl but on damper northern slopes it can grow between 600-800 m asl and in Turkey its altitudinal range is between 200-1,900 m (Browicz 1982).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Important timber tree in the Caucasus and Turkey where it is highly valued for its straight grain and easily workable wood for building materials, especially veneer (Farjon 2010). It is used as a commercial plantation tree in many European countries, particularly for the Christmas tree market

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Even though the wood is highly prized, logging has not had an significantly detrimental impact on the population.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from several protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
  Invasive species control or prevention:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

♦  Construction or structural materials
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Browicz, K. 1982. Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsawa.

Farjon, A. 2001. World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. 2nd edition. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Kaya, Z. and Raynal, D.J. 2001. Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation 97: 131-141.

Citation: Gardner, M. & Knees, S. 2011. Abies nordmanniana ssp. nordmanniana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T196098A8995492. . Downloaded on 22 September 2018.
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