Eptatretus fernholmi 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Myxini Myxiniformes Myxinidae

Scientific Name: Eptatretus fernholmi
Species Authority: McMillan & Wisner, 2004
Taxonomic Notes: This species was described based on unpublished notes of Bo Fernholm, taken from a single damaged specimen about 35 years ago. The holotype was possibly lost (McMillan and Wisner 2004).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-11-09
Assessor(s): Mincarone, M.M.
Reviewer(s): Polidoro, B., Knapp, L. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is known only from a single specimen recorded in the Philippines, that may now be lost. More research is needed to determine this species distribution, population, habitat, ecology and any major threats. It is therefore listed as Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the type locality in Luzon Island, Philippines (McMillan and Wisner 2004).
Countries occurrence:
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – western central
Lower depth limit (metres): 563
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is known from one possibly lost museum specimen
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The holotype (373 mm total length (TL)) was found on a slope at 563 m depth (McMillan and Wisner 2004). Its life history is unknown.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is no known information on type and scale of threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place, but more specimen collection to validate species existence is needed. More research is also needed on species' biology, population size, distribution and impacts

Classifications [top]

11. Marine Deep Benthic -> 11.1. Marine Deep Benthic - Continental Slope/Bathyl Zone (200-4,000m) -> 11.1.2. Soft Substrate
suitability: Unknown  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 16 June 2011).

McMillan, C.B. and Wisner R.L. 2004. Review of the hagfishes (Myxinidae, Myxiniformes) of the northwestern Pacific Ocean, with descriptions of three new species, Eptatretus fernholmi, Paramyxine moki, and P. walkeri. Zoological Studies 43(1): 51-73.

Citation: Mincarone, M.M. 2013. Eptatretus fernholmi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T196021A8993781. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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