Eptatretus caribbeaus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Myxini Myxiniformes Myxinidae

Scientific Name: Eptatretus caribbeaus
Species Authority: Fernholm, 1982

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-11-09
Assessor(s): Mincarone, M.M.
Reviewer(s): Polidoro, B., Knapp, L. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is only known from only five specimens found off the coast of central America. It is likely a deepwater species, as specimens were recorded between 365 and 500 m. There are no known threats to this species, given its likely deep water habitat and it is therefore listed as Least Concern. However, more research is needed on this species population, biology, life history, and potential threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the Caribbean Sea from Honduras to Panama (Fernholm 1982).
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – western central
Lower depth limit (metres): 500
Upper depth limit (metres): 365
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is known from only five sexually immature specimens (Fernholm 1982).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is poorly known, but has been found in the upper continental slope, at depths from 365-500 m (Fernholm 1982).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is no information on type and scale of threats for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place, but more research needed on species' biology, population size, distribution and impacts of fisheries.

Classifications [top]

11. Marine Deep Benthic -> 11.1. Marine Deep Benthic - Continental Slope/Bathyl Zone (200-4,000m) -> 11.1.2. Soft Substrate
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

♦  Unknown
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Fernholm, B. 1982. Eptatretus caribbeaus, a new species of hagfishes (Myxinidae) from the Caribbean. Bulletin of Marine Science 32(2): 434-438.

Fernholm, B. and Hubbs, C.L. 1981. Western Atlantic hagfishes of the genus Eptatretus (Myxinidae) with description of two new species. Fishery Bulletin 79(1): 69-83.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 16 June 2011).

Citation: Mincarone, M.M. 2013. Eptatretus caribbeaus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T196017A8992485. . Downloaded on 27 May 2016.
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