|Scientific Name:||Microlipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatovic, 1883)|
Blennius adriaticus Steindachner & Kolombatovic, 1883
Lipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatovic, 1883)
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2014. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 27 August 2014. Available at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. (Accessed: 27 August 2014).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Williams, J.T., Herler, J. & Kovacic, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Ahnelt, H. & Ralph, G.|
Microlipophrys adriaticus is restricted to the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Limited population information is available for M. adriaticus. The known range of M. adriaticus has increased since it was last evaluated as Data Deficient. Although it is likely impacted locally by pollution and habitat degradation, this does not impact its entire range. Therefore, M. adriaticus is assessed as Least Concern.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Microlipophrys adriaticus is known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea (Almada et al. 2001). In the Mediterranean Sea, this species is present in the Adriatic and Aegean Seas (Zander 1986, Orlando-Bonaca and Lipej 2007), and has also been observed in the Gulf of Genoa (Molinari 2005) and in Turkey (Keskin 2010). Microlipophrys adriaticus is mainly found at 0.1 to 1.0 m (Orlando-Bonaca and Lipej 2007).|
Native:Bulgaria; Croatia; France (France (mainland)); Greece (East Aegean Is.); Italy (Italy (mainland)); Monaco; Slovenia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Mediterranean and Black Sea
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is probably widespread in the Mediterranean Sea but there is no known population information. It was infrequently recorded (as Lipophrys adriaticus) during a survey of the Gulf of Trieste (Orlando-Bonaco and Lipej 2007).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Microlipophrys adriaticus lives in shallow rocky areas and occurs on filamentous algae-covered rocks in brackish water, in crevices, in mollusc and crustacean shells, and in holes. It is found from 0.1-1.0 m depth (Orlando-Bonaca and Lipej 2007). It is oviparous with distinct pairing and demersal, adhesive eggs (Breder and Rosen 1966). Several females spawn at hole guarded by a resident male (Zander 1986). The maximum recorded size is 5.2 cm (Zander 1986).|
|Use and Trade:||Microlipophrys adriaticus is not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Microlipophrys adriaticus is likely to be impacted locally by pollution and habitat degradation, but not threatened across its range.|
|Conservation Actions:||No specific conservation measures are in place or required for this species. However, this species may be found in marine protected areas within its distribution range. Microlipophrys adriaticus was listed as Data Deficient globally (Abdul Malak et al. 2011, IUCN 2011) and in Turkey, and as Endangered in Georgia.|
Abdul Malak, D.A., Livingstone S.R., Pollard, D., Polidoro, B.A., Cuttelod, A., Bariche, M., Bilecenoglu, M., Carpenter, K.E., Collette, B.B., Francour, P., Goren, M., Kara, M.H., Massuti, E., Papaconstantinou, C. and Tunesi, L. 2011. Overview of the Conservation Status of the Marine Fishes of the Mediterranean Sea. In: IUCN (ed.). Gland, Switzerland.
Almada, V.C., Oliveira, R.F., Gonçalves, E.J., Almeida, A.J., Santos, R.S. and Wirtz, P. 2001. Patterns of diversity of the north-eastern Atlantic blenniid fish fauna (Pisces: Blenniidae). Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 10: 411-422.
Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey.
IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2014).
Keskin, C. 2010. A review of fish fauna in the Turkish Black Sea Karadeniz balık faunası. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 16(2): 195-210.
Molinari, A. 2005. Fish community associated with shallow beachrock rocky reef of Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean). Cybium 29(4): 419-422.
Orlando-Bonaca, M. and Lipej, L. 2007. Microhabitat preferences and depth distribution of combtooth blennies (Blenniidae) in the Gulf of Trieste (North Adriatic Sea). Marine Ecology 28(3).
Zander, C.D. 1986. Blenniidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.L. Bauchot, J.C. Hureau, J.Nielsen and E.Tortonese (eds), Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, pp. 1096-1112. UNESCO, Paris.
|Citation:||Williams, J.T., Herler, J. & Kovacic, M. 2014. Microlipophrys adriaticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T194851A49089799.Downloaded on 20 November 2017.|
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