|Scientific Name:||Rattus villosissimus|
|Species Authority:||(Waite, 1898)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Woinarski, J. & Aplin, K.|
|Reviewer/s:||Lamoreux, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)|
Listed as Least Concern because, although this species is mainly restricted to core areas and is more susceptible to threats during drought years, it still has a relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to central and northern Australia (Predavec and Watts 2008). The species has a core range, but is occasionally found in a far larger area (during eruptions). Irrigated areas in the Ord River area of North-eastern Kimberley provide artificial refugia. The natural core range is in the Barkly lake system of the Barkly Tableland of the Northern Territory and the Channel Country in Southwest Queensland and north-eastern South Australia. It is also found on Southwest Island, within the Sir Edward Pellew Group, Northern Territory. Portions of the core range are within protected areas. There are smaller refugia as well.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a species that generally occurs in core areas, but can occasionally expand its range to a far larger area. The species can be eruptive with rainfall, but there seem to be far fewer eruptions today than in the past, perhaps due to degradation of habitat within refugia. Severe bottlenecks have been coupled with extremely large range expansions over time; there are historic records of extremely high abundance. No good estimates of population numbers outside of eruptions ("plague years"), which tend to be about 20 years apart.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is generally a nocturnal, terrestrial species of arid or desert areas. Populations are largely restricted to refuges within the arid landscape where food and water are always available. It has an extremely high reproductive potential (Predavec and Watts 2008).|
|Major Threat(s):||There appears to be no major threats to this species. Destruction of refuge areas by cattle may be a threat. In Western Australia, the species seems to have benefited from irrigation (artificial refugia within the Ord River area). During drought periods, there is a high level of pressure on refuge areas, as well as an increased threat of hunting by feral cats.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species is present in some protected areas. Further research is needed on core areas and potential threats, as well as management.|
Predavec, M. and Watts, C. H. S. 2008. Long-haired Rat, Rattus villosissimus. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 700-701. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.
|Citation:||Woinarski, J. & Aplin, K. 2008. Rattus villosissimus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 May 2013.|
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