|Scientific Name:||Achyrospermum seychellarum|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
Achyrospermum seychellarum is a restricted range species, with an area of occupancy (AOO) of 1 km² and an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 5 km². There are three subpopulations, which are threatened by habitat deterioration (>95% in a single subpopulation). Historically it was present on Mahé but was last recorded there in 1908. It is therefore listed as Endangered.
|Previously published Red List assessments:||
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Seychelles. Historically recorded from Mahé and Silhouette islands, but it is now restricted to Silhouette. The EOO and AOO are estimated to be approximately 5 km² and 1 km² respectively.|
Native:Seychelles (Seychelles (main island group))
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||1|
|Number of Locations:||3|
|Lower elevation limit (metres):||390|
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||500|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total population in 2007 was estimated to consist of fewer than 700 plants (Anse Mondon valley - 680 plants; Mon Plaisr - 2 plants; Gratte Fesse - 0 (2 plants in 1990), Trilepisium site - 10 plants).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Found in high forest, especially in sheltered valleys with high humidity at 390-500 m asl.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threatened by habitat deterioration due to invasive species (especially Cinnamomum verum). Plants grown experimentally on Mahé have not survived due to predation by the introduced giant African snail Achatina fulica. This is a low altitude species which does not occur in the present range of the species. Reports of damage from the sap-sucking insect Icerya seychellarum and fulgoroids have not been substantiated.|
|Conservation Actions:||Present in the Silhouette National Park. Attempts should be made to re-establish the species on Mahé.|
Friedmann, F. 1994. Flore des Seychelles. Dicotylédones. OSTROM, Paris, France.
Gerlach, J. (ed.). 1997. Seychelles Red Data Book 1997. The Nature Protection Trust of Seychelles, Mahé, Seychelles.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Wise, R. 1998. A Fragile Eden. Portraits of the Endemic Flowering Plants of the Granitic Seychelles. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
|Citation:||Gerlach, J. 2011. Achyrospermum seychellarum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T193402A8856100. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T193402A8856100.en . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.|