Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus augur
Species Authority: "S" Lightfoot, 1786
Conus augur Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
Conus magus Röding, 1798
Conus punctatus Gmelin, 1791

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-28
Assessor(s): Veldsman, S.G.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Raybaudi-Massilia, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Peters, H., Bohm, M., Jones, L. & Sheriff, Z.
This species occurs in shallow water and is widely distributed across the Indian ocean, from the south coast of Natal along East Africa to Sri Lanka. It has no known current threats to its population. It has therefore been assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in shallow water and is widely distributed across the Indian Ocean, from the south coast of Natal along East Africa to south India and Sri Lanka (Röckel et al. 1995). Reports of this species further east in South-East Asia are doubtful.
Countries occurrence:
British Indian Ocean Territory; Comoros; India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu); Kenya; Madagascar; Maldives; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mozambique; Réunion; Seychelles; Singapore; Somalia; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Sri Lanka; Tanzania, United Republic of
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Yes
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Continuing decline in number of locations: No
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Lower depth limit (metres): 25
Upper depth limit (metres): 3
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are no data on population levels for this species.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Extreme fluctuations: Unknown Population severely fragmented: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs at depths between 3-25 m in muddy sand, beneath rocks, and within coral rubble. Adults will grow to approx. 76 mm but will typically be less than this (Röckel et al. 1995).
Systems: Marine
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all Conus spp and other molluscs, the shells of this species are traded for the collector market. They may also be gathered for the local tourist market and by tourists visiting the country. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed.

There is ready availability of shells of this species for sale on the mollusc shell market as reported through specialist websites and dealer catalogues (Rice 2007), with low prices demanded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known material threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.5. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy-Mud
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.8. Marine Neritic - Coral Reef -> 9.8.6. Inter-Reef Rubble Substrate
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:Unknown
  Systematic monitoring scheme:Unknown
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:No
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
  Area based regional management plan:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:Unknown
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:Unknown
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Unknown
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:Unknown
  Included in international legislation:Unknown
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Unknown

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting

Bibliography [top]

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2011. FAO Major Fishing Areas. Available at: (Accessed: March 2011).

Franklin, J.B., Fernando, S.A., Chalke, B.A., Krishnan, K.S. 2007. Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India. Molluscan Research 27(3): 111-122.

GBIF. 2011. Global Biodiversity Information facility. Available at:

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Kohn, A. J. The Conus Biodiversity Website. Available at: (Accessed: 01/03/2011).

Nadon, M.O., Griffiths, D., Doherty, E., and Harris, A. 2007. The status of coral reefs in the remote region of Andavadoaka, Southwest Madagascar. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 6(2): 207-218.

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.

Röckel, D., Korn, W., & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol. 1: Indo-Pacific Region.

Citation: Veldsman, S.G. 2013. Conus augur. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192794A2162628. . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.
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