Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus amadis
Species Authority: Gmelin, 1791
Conus amadis Hwass in Bruguière, 1792.
Conus arbornatalis da Motta, 1978
Conus aurantia Dautzenberg, 1937 subspecies
Conus subacutus Fenaux, 1942
Conus venustus Röding, 1798
Taxonomic Notes: Conus amadis castaneofasciata Dautzenberg, 1937 is a subspecies (Filmer 2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-27
Assessor(s): Kohn, A.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Poppe, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Peters, H., Harwell, H. & Howarth, L.
This species is widely distributed along the continental shores of the northern Indian Ocean ranging from south-west India to North Sumatra, including countries in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal including the Andaman Islands, the Nicobar Islands and the west coast of Thailand.  It is locally common and there are no known threats.  It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species of cone snail is widely distributed in a wide arc in the North Indian Ocean, ranging from south-west India to North Sumatra, including countries in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal including the Andaman Islands, the Nicobar Islands and the west coast of Thailand (Röckel et al. 1995). 

The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2 by a considerable margin.

Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; India (Andaman Is., Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Nicobar Is., Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Indonesia (Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; Sri Lanka; Thailand
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – eastern
Lower depth limit (metres): 18
Upper depth limit (metres): 1
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is locally common throughout its range (Kohn and Poppe pers. comm. 2011).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is reported to occur on intertidal mudflats to a depth of about 18 m in sand. Adults typically grow to approx 110 mm in length (Röckel et al. 1995).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In common with all Conus spp, this species is traded for the collector market. It may also be gathered for the local tourist market and by tourists visiting the country. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed, however, this species is traded for prices typically at the low to medium end (Rice 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species at the present time.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.4. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
12. Marine Intertidal -> 12.4. Marine Intertidal - Mud Flats and Salt Flats
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting

Bibliography [top]

Filmer, R.M. 2001. A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae, 1758-1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Garber, G. & Arbor, A. 2005. Peptide leads new class of chronic pain drugs. Nature Biotechnology 23(4): 399.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.

Citation: Kohn, A. 2013. Conus amadis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192579A2119793. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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