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Conus echinophilus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA NEOGASTROPODA CONIDAE

Scientific Name: Conus echinophilus
Species Authority: (Petuch, 1975)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2011-10-27
Assessor(s): Monnier, E.
Reviewer(s): Seddon, M. & Tenorio, M.J.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Seddon, M. & Peters, H.
Justification:
The species is found on the northern part of the peninsula, near the city of Dakar, where the species occurs within the environs of the city with associated marine pollution from the port and factories, as well as disturbance caused by shipping.  The size of the specimens taken has been reducing over the last 15 years and the size of populations of the species is probably decreasing. In the south the disturbance comes from recreational activities associated with tourism complexes. Hence the species is assessed as Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Senegal where it has been found only around the peninsular of Dakar from Fann north of the city and continuing south for approx 100 km to Somone (Monteiro et al. 2004); however, as this species lives at shallow depths and co-exists alongside a major industrial and commercial port and residential area with accompanying marine pollution, it would be reasonable to suppose that the populations are fragmented.
Countries:
Native:
Senegal
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – eastern central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The populations in the north of the coast where there is pollution have smaller specimens than the sites disturbed by recreational activities in the south.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species has been found on rocks in strong currents and in sea urchin crevices at between 1 to 2 m depths (Poppe and Poppe 2011). The species is one of the smallest in Senegal, and adults typically grow to 10-12 mm, occasionally up to 20 mm in length (E. Monnier pers. comm. 2011).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all Conus spp., the shells of this species are traded for the specialist Conus shell market.   The level of off-take is low (E. Monnier pers. comm. 2011).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats to this species may arise as a result of industrial and commercial pollution from the proximity of Dakar along its short geographical range.  It is also vulnerable from pollutants associated with shipping entering and leaving port.

Marine pollution along the whole of this coastline, in particular around the Cap Vert Peninsular, from industrial and domestic discharges including sewage, chemicals and other toxins, presents a severe problem to marine creatures living in the area (UNEP 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).

Monteiro, A., Tenorio, M.J. and Poppe, G.T. 2004. The Family Conidae, The West African and Mediterranean species of Conus. In: Poppe, G.T and Groh, K. (eds), A Conchological Iconography, pp. 270. ConchBooks, Hackenheim.

Poppe, G. T. and Poppe, P. 1996-2011. Conchology, Inc. Mactan Available at: http://www.conchology.be/. (Accessed: March 2011).

United Nations Environment Programme. 2009. Regional Overview of Land-based Sources and Activities Affecting the Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the West and Central African Region. UNEP/ GPA Co-ordination Office & West and Central Africa Action Plan, Regional Co-ordinating Unit.


Citation: Monnier, E. 2012. Conus echinophilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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