Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus abbas
Species Authority: Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
Conus grisea Dautzenberg, 1937 subspecies

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-27
Assessor(s): Kohn, A.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Poppe, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Peters, H., Harwell, H. & Howarth, L.

This species has an apparent disjunct population, and is relatively uncommon.  It is known from South India and Sri Lanka, and also from Indonesia (Sumatra, Java and Bali).  However, there are no known threats.  It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species of cone snail has an apparent disjunct distribution.  It is known from South India and Sri Lanka, and also from Indonesia (Sumatra, Java and Bali) (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2 by a considerable margin.
Countries occurrence:
India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Indonesia (Bali, Jawa, Sumatera); Sri Lanka
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – eastern
Lower depth limit (metres): 50
Upper depth limit (metres): 1
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is uncommon.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations: Unknown Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in shallow water to a maximum depth of about 50 m on coral reefs, often beneath coral boulders.  Adults typically grow to 84 mm (Röckel et al. 1995).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In common with all Conus spp, this species is traded for the collector market. It may also be gathered for the local tourist market and by tourists visiting the country. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed, however, this species is traded for prices typically of low value (Rice 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species at the present time.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Classifications [top]

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting

Bibliography [top]

Garber, G. & Arbor, A. 2005. Peptide leads new class of chronic pain drugs. Nature Biotechnology 23(4): 399.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.

Citation: Kohn, A. 2013. Conus abbas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192359A2079801. . Downloaded on 06 October 2015.
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