|Scientific Name:||Protobothrops mangshanensis|
|Species Authority:||(Zhao, 1990)|
Trimeresurus mangshanensis Zhao, 1990
Zhaoermia mangshanensis (Zhao, 1990)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Cox, N.A. & Bauder, J.|
Listed as Endangered on the basis that this species has an extent of occurrence and area of occupancy both unlikely to exceed 300 km², it is known from two locations at risk from harvesting for the international pet trade, and there is a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from the type locality of Pingkeng, Mangshan (= Mount Mang), Hunan Province and Ruyuan, Guangdong Province, China (Zhao and Adler 1993), with an estimated extent of occurrence of 300 km². It has been recorded between 800 and 1,300 m asl.|
Native:China (Guangdong, Hunan)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||State Forestry Administration of China (2009) reported that the population of this rare species has only about 500 individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species lives in subtropical needle-leaf and broad-leaf mixture forest. Its diet consists of birds and rodents. It is an oviparous species, laying 20–27 eggs in June and July.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is in high demand for the international pet trade (Weissgold and Leuteritz 2011).|
|Major Threat(s):||Illegal collection for the pet trade remains a threat to this species. Between the 1950s and the 1980s, deforestation within the species range significantly reduced its distribution.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is present in the Mangshan Natural Nature Reserve. Captive breeding has been successful in Germany, China and the US. Captive breeding started in 1994; by 2010, about 100 individuals had been born in captivity (Chen 2010).|
Chen Y. 2010. Captive breeding situation and problems of Trimeresurus mangshangensis. Snake of China 2010(1).
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).
State Forestry Administation of China. 2009. Resources survey on key terrestrial wild animals in China. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.
Wang, S. and Xie, Y. (eds.). 2009. China Species Red List Vol. II - Vertebrates Part 2. Biodiversity Working Group of China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development, Beijing.
Weissgold, B. and Leuteritz, T. 2011. Presentation of the US. CITES Asian Snake Trade Workshop, Guangzhou, China.
Zhao, E. and Adler, K. 1993. Herpetology of China. Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
|Citation:||Zhou, Z. 2012. Protobothrops mangshanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.|
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