|Scientific Name:||Babina subaspera|
|Species Authority:||(Barbour, 1908)|
Rana subaspera Barbour, 1908
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Yoshio Kaneko, Masafumi Matsui|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Amamioshima and Kakeromajima Islands of the central Ryukyus in Japan.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information on the population status of this species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits primary, or well-recovered secondary, broad-leaved evergreen forest, breeding by larval development in small pools on forest trails and muddy riverbeds.|
|Major Threat(s):||Recent deforestation on Amamioshima, along with road construction in mountainous areas, has been severely impacting the quality of the habitat of the species. Other threats include predation by introduced mongoose and development of rivers.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is unclear whether it occurs in any protected areas, though there is clearly a need for improved protection of forest habitats in the Ryukyus.|
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Maeda, N. and Matsui, M. 1999. Frogs and Toads of Japan. Revised edition. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan Co., Ltd, Tokyo.
Ota, H. and Toda, M. 2000. Otton frog. In: Environment Agency (ed.), Threatened Wildlife of Japan - Red Data Book, 2nd Edition: Reptilia/Amphibia, Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo.
Sengoku, S., Hikida, T., Matsui, M. and Nakaya, K. 1996. The Encyclopedia of Animals in Japan. Volume 5. Amphibians, Reptiles, Chondrichthyes. Heibonsha Limited, Tokyo.
|Citation:||Yoshio Kaneko, Masafumi Matsui 2004. Babina subaspera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.|
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