Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies veitchii var. veitchii
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Veitch’s Fir
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: Abies veitchii Lindl. var. sikokiana (Nakai) Kusaka is sometimes considered as the same taxon.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-12-16
Assessor(s): Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.
Despite Abies veitchii var. veitchii being restricted to high elevations, its distribution and regeneration appear to guarantee the survival of this variety. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This variety is only known from Honshu, Japan.
Countries occurrence:
Japan (Honshu)
Lower elevation limit (metres):1100
Upper elevation limit (metres):2800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It makes pure forest on high mountains with large individuals and wide distribution at the core area in Central Honshu. But, in some low altitude mountains such as Ohdaigahara, the population size is small and decreasing.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The 'typical' variety of Abies veitchii grows on high mountains at elevations between 1,200 m and 2,800 m asl [reported from as low as 1,050 m (Wilson 1916)]. The soils are usually of volcanic origin, podzolic and well drained. The climate is cool and wet, with annual precipitation between 1,000 mm and 2,500 mm, and with cold, snowy winters; frequent typhoons cause destruction of the forest in most places before it reaches an age of 250 to 300 years (Franklin et al. 1979). This variety is usually mixed with other conifers, e.g. Abies mariesii, Picea jezoensis ssp. hondoensis, Larix kaempferi, Thuja standishii, Pinus parviflora, at the highest elevations Pinus pumila, and the ubiquitous Tsuga diversifolia. The most common broad-leaved trees are Betula ermanii, Sorbus commixta, Prunus nipponica, and Acer spp. at lower elevations, and Betula corylifolia near the tree limit.
Generation Length (years):50

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Veitch's Fir is a relatively small tree which yields timber of low grade, mainly used for the manufacture of paper pulp. It is fairly common in cultivation, as an amenity tree in parks and gardens and in collections (arboreta).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific threats have been identified for this variety.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is known from several protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
  Invasive species control or prevention:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture

♦  Establishing ex-situ production *

♦  Other (free text)

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008) In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK. Available at:

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Franklin, J.F., Maeda, T., Oshumi, Y., Matsui, M. and Yagi, H. 1979. Subalpine coniferous forests of Central Honshu, Japan. Ecological Monographs 49(3): 311-334.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Wilson, E.H. 1916. The Conifers and Taxads of Japan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Citation: Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D. 2011. Abies veitchii var. veitchii. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T191575A8845716. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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