|Scientific Name:||Abies veitchii var. veitchii|
See Abies veitchii
|Taxonomic Notes:||Abies veitchii Lindl. var. sikokiana (Nakai) Kusaka is sometimes considered as the same taxon.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D|
|Reviewer(s):||Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.|
Despite Abies veitchii var. veitchii being restricted to high elevations, its distribution and regeneration appear to guarantee the survival of this variety. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This variety is only known from Honshu, Japan.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It makes pure forest on high mountains with large individuals and wide distribution at the core area in Central Honshu. But, in some low altitude mountains such as Ohdaigahara, the population size is small and decreasing.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The 'typical' variety of Abies veitchii grows on high mountains at elevations between 1,200 m and 2,800 m asl [reported from as low as 1,050 m (Wilson 1916)]. The soils are usually of volcanic origin, podzolic and well drained. The climate is cool and wet, with annual precipitation between 1,000 mm and 2,500 mm, and with cold, snowy winters; frequent typhoons cause destruction of the forest in most places before it reaches an age of 250 to 300 years (Franklin et al. 1979). This variety is usually mixed with other conifers, e.g. Abies mariesii, Picea jezoensis ssp. hondoensis, Larix kaempferi, Thuja standishii, Pinus parviflora, at the highest elevations Pinus pumila, and the ubiquitous Tsuga diversifolia. The most common broad-leaved trees are Betula ermanii, Sorbus commixta, Prunus nipponica, and Acer spp. at lower elevations, and Betula corylifolia near the tree limit.|
|Use and Trade:||Veitch's Fir is a relatively small tree which yields timber of low grade, mainly used for the manufacture of paper pulp. It is fairly common in cultivation, as an amenity tree in parks and gardens and in collections (arboreta).|
|Major Threat(s):||No specific threats have been identified for this variety.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is known from several protected areas.|
Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008) In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK. Available at: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/.
Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Franklin, J.F., Maeda, T., Oshumi, Y., Matsui, M. and Yagi, H. 1979. Subalpine coniferous forests of Central Honshu, Japan. Ecological Monographs 49(3): 311-334.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Wilson, E.H. 1916. The Conifers and Taxads of Japan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
|Citation:||Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D 2011. Abies veitchii var. veitchii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.|
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