Abies sibirica ssp. sibirica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Abies sibirica ssp. sibirica
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Siberian Fir

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-12-16
Assessor(s): Zhang, D, Rushforth, K. & Katsuki, T.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.
The vast range and limited current logging suggests that currently this subspecies is Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This taxon occurs across N Russia, from Archangel'sk eastward to the Amur River, southward to the mountains along the Sino-Russian border.
China (Xinjiang); Russian Federation (Altay, Amur, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This subspecies forms extensive forests in areas where there is sufficient summer heat, across a vast area of northern Asia.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The 'typical' subspecies of Siberian Fir (Abies sibirica) is widespread across the Siberian taiga, where it occurs from near sea level on the northern plains to 2,000 m asl in the mountains. It remains well south of the arctic tree limit in Siberia, in fact it is more common in W Siberia and the Altai Mountains, which have a less severe climate. The soils are usually of alluvial origin, podzolic, and in the mountains also calcareous, well drained and free of permafrost. The climate is cold continental, but not extreme in most parts of the range of the species. There are pure forests, but more often it is mixed with other conifers, e.g. Picea obovata, Larix gmelinii, in the mountains also L. sibirica and Pinus sibirica; common broad-leaved trees or shrubs are Betula pendula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia and Viburnum opulus. In the southwestern part of its range other broad leaved trees are mixed in: Tilia cordata, Ulmus scabra, and Acer platanoides.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The Siberian Fir is an economically important timber tree. Its wood is used in light-frame construction and for pulpwood. Planted in regions with mild winters it can be damaged by 'late' frost; it is also intolerant of air pollution. In Central and E Europe it has been introduced as an amenity tree and several 'forms' and cultivars are known.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Logging could cause a decline but current evidence suggest that this is not a serious threat at present. Air pollution from mining and other industrial activities will affect this subspecies in parts of its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This subspecies is likely to occur in some protected areas.

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008) In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK. Available at:

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Citation: Zhang, D, Rushforth, K. & Katsuki, T. 2011. Abies sibirica ssp. sibirica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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