|Scientific Name:||Abies homolepis var. umbellata|
|Species Authority:||(Mayr) E.H.Wilson|
See Abies homolepis
Abies umbellata Mayr
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This taxon is considered by some to be a hybrid between A. firma and A. homolepis: uncertainty about its taxonomic status invokes an assessment of Data Deficient until a decision is made.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D|
|Reviewer(s):||Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.|
Doubts about the taxonomic status of this taxon require an assessment of Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Japan occurring in central Honshu (Saitama, Aichi, Gifu), Kyushu and Shikoku.|
Native:Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information on population size or trends.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Abies homolepis is a species of high mountains in the central parts of the Japanese islands Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku. In the south it occurs from 1,100 m to 1,800 m a.s.l., in Honshu between 700 m and 2,000 m. The soils are mesic, derived from volcanic rock and usually well drained. The climate is cool and humid. Near the tree limit it forms either pure stands, or mixtures with A. veitchii and/or Larix kaempferi, but at lower elevations it occurs in the mixed coniferous deciduous forests, with e.g. Fagus crenata, Quercus crispula, Betula grossa, Tsuga diversifolia, Thuja standishii, Pinus densiflora. A. firma replaces A. homolepis below 1,100 m.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||Nikko Fir is not an important timber tree as its range is limited and it occurs at high altitudes. It is fairly widely planted as an ornamental tree in Japan as well as in Europe, where it appears to be one of the least demanding species in the genus. A few cultivars are known in Japan as well as in Europe (independently derived), mostly being dwarfed forms suitable for Japanese gardens or rockeries.|
|Major Threat(s):||Because the value of timber is low, Nikko Fir has not been used as a timber tree to any significant extent. As a result, there are many relatively large subpopulations remaining in central Honshu. However, Japanese Deer are a serious problem, reducing regeneration and sometimes killing larger trees through ring-barking.|
|Conservation Actions:||There is no special protection system for this variety. However, most localities are now at least protected from logging.|
Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK Available at: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/.
Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
|Citation:||Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D. 2013. Abies homolepis var. umbellata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T191564A1989308. . Downloaded on 30 May 2016.|
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