|Scientific Name:||Poropuntius speleops|
|Species Authority:||(Roberts, 1991)|
Barbus speleops Roberts, 1991
Puntius speleops (Roberts, 1991)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Allen, D.J. & Smith, K.|
The species is endemic to the Phatewada cave in Phu Khiew Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. It is restricted to a single underground stream system. The population has been impacted by occasional collection for food and, to a lesser extent, for the aquarium trade, thought the population is considered stable at present. It is assessed as Vulnerable (D2) as it is present at a single location and impacted by harvest and potential pollution from agriculture, although the cave system is located with a Wildlife Sanctuary.
|Range Description:||Endemic to the subterranean stream of Tham (cave) Phatewada in the Phu Khiew Wildlife Sanctuary in Chayaphum Province, Thailand (Mekong Khorat Plateau Ecoregion).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Localized and uncommon, declined in the past 20 years from its discovery in 1991. The species has occasionally been harvested for food, and might have undergone occasional declines, but the population is thought likely to be stable at present.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A troglobitic fish, inhabits subterranean stream. The only known cave fish in the genus Poropuntius, and apart from eye and pigmentation reduction, this species does not differ from riverine surface-dwelling species of the genus.|
|Use and Trade:||Rarely seen in aquarium trade (harvested by poaching). Locally consumed by locals who pass by the cave. Both harvests would present a threat if undertaken in larger numbers or with greater frequency.|
|Major Threat(s):||The population has declined due to local consumption from this small population, rarely harvested for the aquarium trade, however the population is considered to be stable at present. Other potential threats include impacts from tourist visitors, and degradation of water quality as a result of sedimentation and agricultural pollution.|
|Conservation Actions:||Protected by Thai law and in the Protected Area (Wildlife Sanctuary). Research is needed on the species population, threats and conservation actions.|
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Roberts, T.R. 1998. Review of the tropical Asian cyprinid fish genus Poropuntius, with descriptions of new species and trophic morphs. Siam Society - Natural History Bulletin 46: 105-135.
|Citation:||Vidthayanon, C. 2013. Poropuntius speleops. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2015.|
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