Anchichoerops natalensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Anchichoerops natalensis (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909)
Common Name(s):
English Natal Wrasse
French Pourceau du Natal
Spanish Vieja de Natal
Choerops natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2015. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 7 January 2015. Available at: (Accessed: 7 January 2015).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-28
Assessor(s): Craig, M.
Reviewer(s): Fenessey, S. & Carpenter, K.E.
Although there is little information on the biology, ecology, and population dynamics of this species, it is currently protected as a “no-take” species in South Africa. This area represents the majority of its range, and thus the species is not likely to be harvested in appreciable numbers. The species is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to the western Indian Ocean (South Africa and southern Mozambique).
Countries occurrence:
South Africa
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Indian Ocean – western
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):60
Upper depth limit (metres):2
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is very little population information available for this species. It is considered rare throughout its range.

In 2002 and 2003, underwater visual census (UVC) found a mean density of .33 fish/1,000m2 in the Pondoland region between the Mtamvuna River and Port St Johns in the Eastern Cape, South Africa (Mann et al. 2006). It was the ninth most dense species of wrasse (of 18 species observed).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits rocky reefs to depths of at least 60 m. It feeds on macro zoobenthos (crustaceans, molluscs, echinoderms and ascidians).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Formerly, this species was threatened by spearfishing, however it was recently made a no-take species in South Africa, although poaching may still occur.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is a no-take species in South Africa.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

Bibliography [top]

Gomon, M.F. and Randall, J.E. 1984. Labridae. In: W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds), FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Mann, B.Q., Celliers, L., Fennessy, S.T., Bailey, S. and Wood, A.D. 2006. Towards the declaration of a large marine protected area: a subtidal ichthyofaunal survey of the Pondoland coast in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 28: 535-551.

Smith, J.L.B. 2003. Smith's Sea Fishes. Struik, Cape Town.

van der Elst, R. 1993. A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.

Citation: Craig, M. 2010. Anchichoerops natalensis. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187513A8554999. . Downloaded on 20 February 2018.
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