Pseudocheilinus hexataenia 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Pseudocheilinus hexataenia (Bleeker, 1857)
Common Name(s):
English Six-line wrasse
Cheilinus hexataenia Bleeker, 1857
Cheilinus hexataenia Bleeker, 1857
Cossyphus echis Guichenot, 1869
Cossyphus echis Guichenot, 1869
Pseudocheilinus psittaculus Kner & Steindachner, 1867
Pseudocheilinus psittaculus Kner & Steindachner, 1867
Pseudolabrus hexataenia (Bleeker, 1857)
Pseudolabrus hexataenia (Bleeker, 1857)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-03
Assessor(s): Bertoncini, A.
Reviewer(s): Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.
This is a very widespread species and is common throughout most of its range.This species is targeted and is very popular in the ornamental aquarium fish trade, however this is not thought to be a threat. It is found in a number of marine protected areas in parts of its range. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean from the Red Sea to South Africa, to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), Johnston Island, Australia, Lord Howe and Tuamotu Islands, but not in the Hawaiian Islands (Parenti and Randall 2000).

It is found in Kimbe Bay (Papua New Guine) (Hubble 2003), Shark Reef, Beqa Lagoon, (Fiji), Mozambique (Pereira 2000), Solomon Islands (Allen 2006), at Guadalcanal (Blaber et al. 1991), Reunion Island (Letourneur et al. 2004) and the Jordanian Red Sea (Khalaf and Kchhzius 2002).
Countries occurrence:
American Samoa; Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; India; Indonesia; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kiribati; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):35
Upper depth limit (metres):2
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:For the Solomon Islands Marine Assessment (Allen 2006) it was considered moderately common at depths from 2-35 m, but only a few were seen on each dive. This species displayed cryptic habits. It was occasionally seen at Pulau Tioman Marine Park, Tioman Island, Malaysia (Yusuf et al. 2005).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occurs in seaward reefs among coral branches. It also occurs in clear coastal waters, dense coral habitats on shallow reef crest or slopes to a depth of about 20 m. It inhabits depths from 3-30 m (Brunnschweiler and Earle 2006). It usually occurs in small loose groups.

This species is identified by the brightly colored line pattern and the small ocellus on the caudal fin base (Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001). It is a shy species, usually swimming amongst the protection of coral branches (Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001). It is commonly associated to Pocillopora (Hubble 2003). It feeds mainly on small crustaceans (Myers 1991). It is a secretive species (Myers 1999).

It is known to spawn just before sunset at Miyake-jima (Izu Islands), the upward spawning dash very short and rapid, to reduce predation risk upon spawning adults by crepuscular carnivores (Kuwamura 1981).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is targeted and is very popular in the ornamental aquarium fish trade. It was reportedly exported in 1993 and 1994 from Maldives (Adams 1997), and 2003 (Saleem and Adam 2004). It is used by the sea gypsies as food in Tambon Rawai (Chalong bay, Thailand), and is considered of medium value (Hylleberg 2006).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known to this species, although it is targeted and very popular in the ornamental aquarium fish trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range (Wood 2007).

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.7. Marine Neritic - Macroalgal/Kelp
13. Marine Coastal/Supratidal -> 13.1. Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Adam, M.S. 1997. The Aquarium Fishery of the Maldives. In: D.J. Nickerson and M.H. Maniku (eds), Workshop on Integrated Reef Resources Management in the Maldives, pp. 93-115. Madras, India.

Allen, G.R. 2006. Coral Reef Fish Diversity. In: A. Green, P. Lokani, W. Atu, P. Ramohia, P. Thomas and J. Almany (eds), Solomon Islands Marine Assessment: Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06. The Nature Conservancy.

Blaber, S.J.M., Milton, D.A. and Rawlinson, N.J.F. 1991. A checklist of fishes recorded by the baitfish research project in Solomon Islands from 1986 to 1990. CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report 212. CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Cleveland, Queensland, Australia.

Brunnschweiler, J. and Earle, J. 2006. A contribution to marine life conservation efforts in the South Pacific: The Shark Reef Marine Reserve, Fiji. Cybium 30(4): 133-139.

Hubble, M. 2003. The Ecological significance of Body size in Tropical Wrasses (Pisces: Labridae). James Cook University.

Hylleberg, J. 2006. Biodiversity & Environmental indicators, Chalong Bay. Final Report parts 1&2. Coastal Habitat Resources management Project THA/RELEX/2000/005.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Khalaf, M.A. and Kochzius, M. 2002. Changes in trophic community structure of shore fishes at an industrial site in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239: 287-299.

Kuiter, R.H. and Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Zoonetics, Australia.

Kuwamura, T. 1981. Diurnal periodicity of spawning activity in free-spawn'ng labrid fishes. Japanese Journal Ichthyology 28(3): 343-348.

Letourneur, Y., Chabanet, P., Durville,P., Taquet, M., Teissier, E., Parmentier, M., Quéro, J.-C. and Pothin, K. 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3): 199-216.

Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.

Parenti, P. and Randall, J.E. 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyological Bulletin J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 68: 97.

Pereira, M.A.M. 2000. Preliminary Checklist of Reef-associated Fishes of Mozambique. MICOA, Maputo.

Randall, J.E. 1986. Labridae. In: M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds), Smiths' sea fishes, pp. 683-706. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Randall, J.E. 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Pseudocheilinus, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 28: 34.

Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 37.

Saleem, M.R. and Adam, M.S. 2004. Review of Aquarium Fishery of the Maldives – 2003. Marine Research Centre, Malé, Maldives.

Yusuf, Y., Amri, A.Y., Abd.Adzis, K.A., Tajuddin, B.H. and Lee, L.Y. 2005. Coral Reef Fish Diversity Of Kg Tekek, Pulau Tioman Marine Park. Proceedings of Second Regional Symposium on Environment and Natural Resources 2: 189-197. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Citation: Bertoncini, A. 2010. Pseudocheilinus hexataenia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187477A8546194. . Downloaded on 21 May 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided