|Scientific Name:||Paralabrax auroguttatus|
|Species Authority:||Walford 1936|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Findley, L., Lea, B., Allen, G. & Edgar, G.|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is restricted to Baja California, the Gulf of California, and central Mexico. Although it occurs in deeper waters, it is an important commerical and sport fish, and its distribution occurs in a region that is heavily fished. Given that a continued decrease in mean body size has been observed in fisheries landings of this species since the 1980s, more information is needed on the effect of fisheries on this species' population, including its life history, population trends, and harvest levels. It is listed as Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from central Baja California and the Gulf of California to central Mexico.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species. However, individuals in fish catch landings appear to have declined substantially in mean size from the 1980s to present in the Gulf of California (Findley pers. comm.). The landings indicate that this species is moderately common in the Gulf of California, where most of the total population is likely located.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This demersal species is found on rocky and rubble substrata between two and 183 m depth.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is an important commercial species in the Gulf of California and is an important sport fish. The most common capture method is by using hooks and lines (Heemstra 1995), but it is also occasionally taken as bycatch in shrimp trawls.|
|Major Threat(s):||Individuals in fish catch landings appear to have declined substantially in mean size since the 1980s, however more information is needed to determine if fishing activities are having an impact on this species' population.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known species specific conservation measures. However, this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Gulf of California|
CONAMP. 2007. Comisión Nacional de Áreas Protegidas de México (National Commission of Protected Areas of Mexico). Available at: http://www.conanp.gob.mx/.
Froese, R., Palomares, M. and Pauly, D. 2002. Estimation of life history key facts of fishes. Available at: www.fishbase.org.
Heemstra, P.C. 1995. Serranidae. Meros, serranos, guasetas, enjambres, baquetas, indios, loros, gallinas, cabrillas, garropas. FAO, Rome.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
IUCN and UNEP. 2014. The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Cambridge, UK Available at: www.wdpa.org .
Robertson, D.R. and Allen, G.R. 2006. Shore fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific: an information system. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panamá.
|Citation:||Findley, L., Lea, B., Allen, G. & Edgar, G. 2010. Paralabrax auroguttatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 May 2015.|
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