|Scientific Name:||Medialuna californiensis (Steindachner, 1876)|
Scorpis californiensis Steindachner, 1876
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Allen, G., Robertson, R. & Lea, B.|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and common throughout most of its range. There are no known major threats to this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from Canada to the Gulf of California.|
Native:Canada; Mexico; United States
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is considered common in California, with no evidence of recent population change.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This demersal species often occurs in rocky areas and in kelp beds. It is found from inshore areas and feeds on seaweed and small invertebrates.|
|Use and Trade:||The flesh is regarded to be of excellent quality and is marketed fresh (Sommer, 1995).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).|
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
IUCN and UNEP. 2014. The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Cambridge, UK. Available at: www.wdpa.org .
Robertson, D.R. and Allen, G.R. 2006. Shore fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific: an information system. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panamá.
Sommer, C. 1995. Kyphosidae. Chopas. FAO, Rome.
Steindachner, F. 1876. Ichthyologische Beiträge (V). I. Zur Fischfauna von Panama, Acapulco und Mazatlan. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 74: 49-240.
|Citation:||Allen, G., Robertson, R. & Lea, B. 2010. Medialuna californiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T183618A8145427.Downloaded on 22 June 2018.|
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