|Scientific Name:||Propithecus coquereli|
|Species Authority:||(A. Grandidier, 1867)|
Propithecus verreauxi (A. Grandidier, 1867) subspecies coquereli
|Taxonomic Notes:||Formerly considered a subspecies of P. verreauxi (e.g., Groves 1993), but elevated to full species status by Groves (2001) and Mayor et al. (2004).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered A2cd ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P.|
|Reviewer/s:||Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)|
Listed as Endangered as the species is thought to have undergone a reduction of more than 50% over the past 30 years (assuming a generation length of 10 years) due primarily to a decline in area and quality of habitat within the known range of the species and due to levels of exploitation.
|Range Description:||This species is found throughout the forested areas of north-western Madagascar to the north and east of the Betsiboka River. Its most southerly occurrence is reportedly Ambato-Boéni, its northern limit is near Bealanana, and its eastern boundary is near Antetemasy (just west of Befandriana Nord). Near sea-level to 300 m.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Common in Ankarafantsika, where densities of up to 60 individuals/km² have been estimated (Ganzhorn 1988).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This diurnal vertical clinger and leaper is most commonly found in mixed deciduous and evergreen forests, and often in brush-and-scrub and secondary formations as well; also sighted in coastal mangroves on Baie de Mahajamba. They occasionally descend to the ground. In the forests of Ankarafantsika it is seen in groups of three to 10 with home ranges of 4-9 ha. Births are clustered in the months of June and July. Infants become completely independent by about six months of age and reach adult size by one year (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats include habitat loss and hunting pressure. Annual burning to generate new pasture for livestock is the principal cause of forest loss in north-western Madagascar, but trees are also cut to produce charcoal and both practices threaten even officially protected areas. Local traditions place taboos on hunting sifakas, but immigration to this region continues to change such long held practices.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. The only two protected areas in which it is known to occur are the Ankarafantsika National Park and the Bora Special Reserve; however, hunting pressure on sifakas is significant in Ankarafantsika (Garcia and Goodman 2003) and Bora has become seriously degraded. Populations of P. coquereli have also been reported from the forests of Anjiamanginana, Anjajavy, the Narinda Peninsula, and Mariarano, which should be considered for protected area status (Mittermeier et al. 2008). This species is represented in a small number of zoos in the United States.|
Ganzhorn, J. U. 1988. Food partitioning among Malagasy primates. Oecologia 75: 436–450.
Garcia, G. and Goodman, S. M. 2003. Hunting of protected animals in the Parc National d’Ankarafantsika, north-western Madagascar. Oryx 37: 115–118.
Groves, C. P. 1993. Primates. In: D. E. Wilson and D. A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of The World, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Mayor, M. I., Sommer, J. A., Houck, M. L., Zaonarivelo, J. R., Wright, P. C., Ingram, C., Engel, S. R. and Louis, E. E. 2004. Specific status of Propithecus spp. International Journal of Primatology 25: 875-900.
Mittermeier, R., Louis, E., Hawkins, F., Langrand, O., Ganzhorn, J., Konstant, W., Rasoloarison, R., Rajaobelina, S. and Richardson, M. 2008. Lemurs of Madagascar, 3rd edition. Conservation International.
|Citation:||Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P. 2008. Propithecus coquereli. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 March 2014.|
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