|Scientific Name:||Abudefduf declivifrons|
|Species Authority:||(Gill, 1862)|
Euschistodus declivifrons Gill, 1862
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species has been considered a synonym of Abudefduf concolor, but a recent molecular study by Lessios et al. (1995) confirmed that it is a separate species. It is closely related to A. concolor and is easily confused in the field during visual surveys. The distributions of the two species overlap between El Salvador and Costa Rica, and a combination of morphological and genetic comparisons throughout the ranges of both species are needed to establish the full range of each.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Allen, G. & Robertson, R.|
|Reviewer/s:||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and is common in many parts of its range. There are no major threats for this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from lower Baja California and the central Gulf of California to Costa Rica, including Revillagigedo Island.|
Native:Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is locally common in suitable microhabitat throughout its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This reef-associated species is found in shallow rocky reefs exposed to surge to depths of five m. It is also common in intertidal and shallow subtidal rocky habitats.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).|
Gill, T.N. 1862. Catalogue of the fishes of Lower California, in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. Part 2. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14: 242-246.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Lessios, H.A., Allen, G.R., Wellington, G.M. and Bermingham, E. 1995. Genetic and morphological evidence that the eastern Pacific damselfish Abudefduf declivifrons is distinct from A. concolor (Pomacentridae). Copeia 1995: 277-288.
Robertson, D.R. and Allen, G.R. 2006. Shore fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific: an information system. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panamá.
Roca, R., Earle, S., Shillinger, G., Mourra, V., Zumbrunn, S. and Mckenna, S. 2003. Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape: an oceanic and coastal conservation and sustainable development corridor.
World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). 2006. World Database on Protected Areas.
|Citation:||Allen, G. & Robertson, R. 2010. Abudefduf declivifrons. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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