|Scientific Name:||Actinopyga bannwarthi|
|Species Authority:||Panning, 1944|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Polidoro, B., Harwell, H., Carpenter, K.E. & Knapp, L.|
This species is rare and is only known from a few shallow water specimens in Madagascar and the Red Sea, and records from Australia need to be confirmed. Although little is known about its distribution, population, habitat, or ecology, given its very shallow depth range, it may be impacted by pollution and other anthropogenic threats throughout its range. This species is listed as Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||This species is recorded from the eastern and western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea and Southeast Arabia (including Egypt and Jordan) in the northwest (Clark and Rowe 1971) and Madagascar. Records from Australia in the southeast (Rowe and Gates 1995) need to be confirmed.|
Native:Australia; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Israel; Jordan; Madagascar; Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – western
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a rare sea cucumber species that is only known from a few specimens.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found at depths of 3-15 m.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Water pollutants, including phosphates, may have a negative impact on this species (Shlesinger 1976).|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures in place for this species, but its distribution directly overlaps with several marine protected areas.|
Clark, A.M. and Rowe, F.W.E. 1971. Monograph of shallow-water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum of Natural History, London.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
Rowe, F.W.E. and Gates, J. 1995. Zoological Catalogue of Australia.: 510.
Shlesinger, Y. 1976. Possible effects of phosphate pollution on the Population structure of the holothurians Actinopyga bannwarthi and Synapta maculata. Tel Aviv University.
World Database of Protected Areas. 2010. Marine Protected Areas. Available at: http://www.wdpa-marine.org/. (Accessed: 1 December).
|Citation:||Conand, C. 2013. Actinopyga bannwarthi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 July 2015.|
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