Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Echinodermata Holothuroidea Aspidochirotida Synallactidae

Scientific Name: Bathyplotes natans
Species Authority: Östergren, 1896
Bathyplotes assimilis Koehler & Vaney, 1905
Bathyplotes heterostylides Heding, 1942
Bathyplotes ostergreni Ohshima, 1916
Bathyplotes papillosus Koehler & Vaney, 1905
Bathyplotes patagiatus Fisher, 1907
Holothuria natans M. Sars, 1868
Stichopus moseleyi Théel 1886 
Taxonomic Notes: Bathyplotes assimilis, Bathyplotes heterotilydes, Bathyplotes moseleyi, Bathyplotes ostergreni, Bathyplotes papillosus, Bathyplotes patagiatus, Holothuria natans, and Stichopus moseleyi are synonyms for this species (WORMs database). It can be confused with Bathyplotes fallax and with Bathyplotes pouratalesii. A taxonomic revision of this species is recommended (Borrero-Perez et al. 2003).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-05-20
Assessor(s): Solis-Marin, F.
Reviewer(s): Knapp, L., Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is very widely distributed and is likely found in high densities in suitable habitat. It is protected by nature of its deep water habitat. Therefore it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is essentially cosmopolitan reported from the coast of Europe from northern Norway, west of Iceland and Ireland southwards to Africa (Western Sahara). It is also found in New Zealand, East China Sea and Japan (Solis-Marin 2003). In the eastern Atlantic, it is reported from the eastern and northern Gulf of Mexico (Pawson et al. 2009), Lesser and Greater Antilles, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela (Deichmann 1930, 1954, Miller and Pawson 1984).
Countries occurrence:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Cayman Islands; China; Colombia; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; France; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Iceland; Ireland; Jamaica; Japan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Martinique; Mauritania; Mexico; Montserrat; Morocco; New Zealand; Norway; Panama; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Russian Federation; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Spain (Canary Is.); Taiwan, Province of China; Trinidad and Tobago; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Western Sahara
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – western central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest
Lower depth limit (metres):2212
Upper depth limit (metres):193
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species can be found in high densities in suitable habitat (M. Benavides pers.comm. 2010).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in deep water on muddy bottoms and azooxanthellate coral communities in deep water (Reyes et al. 2005, M. Benavides pers. comm. 2010), and feeds on detritus (Solis-Marin 2003). It is a facultative swimmer (Solis-Marin 2003).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species. A potential threat is the loss of zooxanthellae coral communities due to dredging activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known species specific conservation measures for this species, but its distribution overlaps with several marine protected areas. It is likely protected by nature of its deep water habitat.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.6. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Muddy

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

Bibliography [top]

Borrero-Pérez, G.H., Benavides-Serrato, M., Solano, O.D. and Navas, G.R. 2003. Holothuroideos (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) recolectados en el talud continental superior del Caribe colombiano. Boletín del Instituto Oceanográfico de Venezuela (IOV) 42.

Deichmann, E. 1930. The holothurians of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 71: 41-226.

Deichmann, E. 1954. The holothurians of the Gulf of Mexico. In: P.S. Galtsoff (ed.), Gulf of Mexico, it's origin, waters, and marine life, pp. 381-410. Fisheries Bulletin.

Hansson, H.G. 2001. Echinodermata. In: M.J. Costello (ed.), European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification, pp. 336-351. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Miller, J.E. and Pawson, D.L. 1984. Holothurians (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Pawson, D.L., Vance, D.J., Messing, C.G., Solis-Marin, F.A. and Mah, C.L. 2009. Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota Biodiversity.: 1177–1204.

Reyes, J., Santodomingo, N., Gracia, A., Borrero-Pérez, G., Navas, G., Mejía-Ladino, L., Bermúdez, A., Benavides, M. 2005. Southern Caribbean azooxanthellate coral communities off Colombia. Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems: 309-330.

Solis-Marin, F.A. 2003. Systematics and Phylogeny of the Holothurian Family Synallactidae.

Citation: Solis-Marin, F. 2013. Bathyplotes natans. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T180452A1632397. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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