|Scientific Name:||Aonyx congicus|
|Species Authority:||Lönnberg, 1910|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species was originally described as, and is sometimes still included as (e.g., Wozencraft 2005), a subspecies of African Clawless Otter Aonyx capensis. The correct species name is congicus (Aonyx being of Greek origin and masculine gender), although A. congica is still often incorrectly used (Jacques et al. in press).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Hussain, S.A. (Otter Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Although this species is poorly known, it appears to be reasonably widespread within the Congo Basin, where there are currently no known major threats, and no reason to believe the species is undergoing any significant decline that would warrant listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||The Congo Clawless Otter occurs in the rainforests of the Congo basin including Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as southern Cameroon, southern Central African Republic, northern Angola, and extending eastward to the forests and the wetlands of Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda (Larivière 2001; Jacques et al. in press). The limits of the species’ distribution range are still unclear, partly due to the species’ possible confusion with the African Clawless Otter; there are, as yet, no confirmed records from Nigeria (Jacques et al. in press).|
Native:Angola (Angola); Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Uganda
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a very poorly known species. It may be common in certain undisturbed rainforest locations, but is otherwise thought to be rare (Jacques et al. in press).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The Congo Clawless Otter occurs in rain forests and lowland swamps of the Congo River basin (Lariviere 2001; Jacques et al. in press). They are frequently observed in swampy forest clearings (bais), for example, at Langoué Bai in Gabon, and Mbeli Bai in Nouabalé-Ndoki N.P. in Congo Republic (Jacques et al. in press). Recorded to 2,200 m on the Kahuzi Massif (Rahm and Christiaensen 1963). The Congo Clawless Otter is the least well known of the three African otter species, and no detailed ecological study on this species has been conducted. The current state of knowledge has been summarized by Lariviere (2001) and Jacques et al. (in press).|
|Major Threat(s):||Although there are probably no major threats to the species, hunting for bushmeat and skins, habitat loss and degradation, and over-fishing are likely localized threats in many areas. According to Carpaneto and Germi (1989), Mbuti pygmies in northeastern DR Congo use the skins of Congo Clawless Otters to make hats.|
They are present in several protected areas across their range, including Dzanga-Sangha N.P. in Central African Republic, the Lopé reserve in Gabon, and Nouabalé-Ndoki and Odzala National Parks in Congo Republic (Jacques et al. in press). There is a need for a detailed study on the biology, ecology, and distribution of this species.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II (as Aonyx capensis).
Carpaneto, G. M. and Germi, F. P. 1989. Mustelidae and Viverridae from north-eastern Zaire: ethnozoological research and convservation. Mustelid & Viverrid Conservation 1: 2-4.
Jacques, H., Parnell, R. and Alary, F. In press. Aonyx congicus. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Lariviere, S. 2001. Aonyx congicus. Mammalian Species 650: 1-3.
Rahm, U. and Christiaensen, A. 1963. Les mammaiferes de la region occidentale du Lac Kivu. Annales Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques ser 8 118: 1-183.
Wozencraft, W. C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
|Citation:||Hoffmann, M. 2008. Aonyx congicus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 December 2013.|
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