Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Sphaerodactylidae

Scientific Name: Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma
Species Authority: (Noble, 1916)
Lathrogecko xanthostigma Noble, 1916
Taxonomic Notes: A taxonomic revision is required since this taxon was first described as the subspecies Lepidoblepharis festae colombianus by Mechler in 1968, and later elevated to species level by Vanzolini as L. columbianus in 1978. However, L. xanthostigma is reported to inhabit the same biogeographic zone in Colombia as L. columbianus, and these two may be conspecific. Further, the morphological difference between L. xanthostigma and L. columbianus are based on body size and other uninformative characters (J.C. Arredondo pers. comm. 2010).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2013-10-26
Assessor(s): Vargas Álvarez, J., García Rodríguez, A., Batista, A., Acosta Chaves, V., Rivas, G., Caicedo, J., Gutiérrez-Cárdenas, P., Arredondo, J.C., Mayer, G.C. & Castro, F.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P.
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hammerson, G.A. & Rodríguez, J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large range, wide range of habitats, and relatively high abundance.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2010 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species' range extends from southeastern Nicaragua through Panama and into both Pacific region and the Inter-Andean valleys of Colombia (Villa 1971, Ayala and Castro 1983, Savage 2002), including Isla Palma (municipality of Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca) (Quintero-Angel and Carr 2010; J.C. Arredondo pers. comm. 2013). Elevational range extends from sea level to 1,900 meters.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1900
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is reported to be very common in Costa Rica (Guyer and Donnelly 2005, Savage 2002), and it is a common lizard in Colombia (J.C. Arredondo pers. comm. 2013).
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits a diverse range of habitats including lowland moist and dry forest, premontane wet forest, and modified habitats such as cacao plantations (Savage 2002). It is reported to be most abundant in habitats with large, buttressed trees (Whitfield and Pierce 2005). This species is most often found in leaf litter, but it  is also encountered sheltering under stones and on the moist bark of tree trunks (Vitt et al. 2005, Villa 1971). It is preyed on by spiders (Quintero-Angel and Carr 2010).
Systems: Terrestrial
Movement patterns: Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized or traded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation from logging and the expansion of agricultural activities is occurring in the range of this species. However, the species has a large distribution and generalized habitat preferences, so this should not be considered a major threat at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or conservation research action. The species occurs in the Cordillera Volcanica Central Biosphere Reserve (G.C. Mayer pers. comm. 2010).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable season: resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable season: resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable season: resident major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability: Suitable season: resident 
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
suitability: Suitable season: resident 

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: No decline ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.4. Unintentional effects: (large scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: No decline ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

Ayala, S.C. and Castro, F. 1983. Dos nuevos gecos (Sauria: Gekkonidae, Sphaerodactylinae) para Colombia: Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma (Noble) y descripcion de una nueva espicie. Cladista 13(65): 743-753.

Guyer, C. and Donnelly, M.A. 2005. Amphibians and Reptiles of La Selva, Costa Rica, and the Caribbean Slope. University of California Press.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Köhler, G. 2003. Reptiles of Central America. Herpeton, Germany. 368 pp.

Quintero-Angel, A. and Carr, J.L. 2010. Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma (orange-tailed gecko). Predation. Herpetological Review 41: 80.

Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between Two Continents, between Two Seas. The Univeristy of Chicago Press, Chicago & London.

Villa, J. 1971. Notes on some Nicaraguan Reptiles. Journal of Herpetology 5: 45-48.

Vitt, L.J., Sartorius, S.S., Avila-Pires, T.C.S., Zani, P.A. and Esposito, M.C. 2005. Small in a big world: Ecology of leaf-litter geckos in New World tropical forests. Hermptological Monographs 19: 137-152.

Watling, J.I., Waddle, J.H., Kizirian, D. and Donnelly, M.A. 2005. Reproductive phenology of three lizard species in Costa Rica with comments on seasonal reproduction of neotropical lizards. Journal of Herpetology 39(3): 341-348.

Whitfield, S.M. and Pierce, M.S.F. 2005. Tree Buttress Microhabitat Use by a Neotropical Leaf-Litter Herpetofauna. Journal of Herpetology 39(2): 192-198.

Wilson, L.D., Townsend, J.H. and Johnson, J.D. (eds.). 2010. Conservation of Mesoamerican Amphibians and Reptiles. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah.

Citation: Vargas Álvarez, J., García Rodríguez, A., Batista, A., Acosta Chaves, V., Rivas, G., Caicedo, J., Gutiérrez-Cárdenas, P., Arredondo, J.C., Mayer, G.C. & Castro, F. 2015. Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T178224A1527736. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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