Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Sphaerodactylidae

Scientific Name: Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma
Species Authority: (Noble, 1916)
Lathrogecko xanthostigma (Noble, 1916)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-06-30
Assessor(s): Arredondo, J.C., Mayer, G.C. & Castro, F.
Reviewer(s): Böhm, M., Collen, B. & Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team)
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma has been assessed as Least Concern because it has a large distribution and is not being impacted by any major threats. This species is a habitat generalist and known to be common.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is distributed from southeastern Nicaragua through to Panama and into northern Colombia (Savage 2002, Villa 1971). It extends into the valleys of the Magdalena and Cauca rivers in the Caldas Departament, and eastern records extend to the municpalities of Betulia, San Vicente de Chucuri and Cimitarra (J. Arredondo pers. comm.). This species is found from sea level to 1,360 m above sea level.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1360
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is reported to be very common in Costa Rica (Guyer and Donnelly 2005, Savage 2002) and is one of the most common lizards north of the Magdalena Valley in Colombia (J. Arredondo pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits a diverse range of habitats including lowland moist and dry forest, premontane wet forest, and modified habitats such as cacao plantations (Savage 2002). It is reported to be most abundant in habitats with large, buttressed trees (Whitfield and Pearce 2005). This species is most often found in leaf litter, but is also encountered sheltering under stones and on the moist bark of tree trunks (Vitt et al. 2005, Villa 1971).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation is occurring in this region due to logging and the expansion of agricultural activities, however, due to its large distribution and generalist habitat preferences this should not be considered a major threat at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place or needed for this species. The species occurs in the Cordillera Volcanica Central
Biosphere Reserve (G.C. Mayer pers. comm. 2010).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  
1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: No decline ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: No decline ⇒ Impact score: Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

Arredondo, J.C. 2007. pers. comm. Red List Assessment.

Castro, F. 2007. pers. comm. Red List Assessment.

Guyer, C. and Donnelly, M.A. 2005. Amphibians and Reptiles of La Selva, Costa Rica, and the Caribbean Slope. University of California Press.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between Two Continents, between Two Seas. The Univeristy of Chicago Press, Chicago & London.

Villa, J. 1971. Notes on some Nicaraguan Reptiles. Journal of Herpetology 5: 45-48.

Vitt, L.J., Sartorius, S.S., Avila-Pires, T.C.S., Zani, P.A. and Esposito, M.C. 2005. Small in a big world: Ecology of leaf-litter geckos in New World tropical forests. Hermptological Monographs 19: 137-152.

Watling, J.I., Waddle, J.H., Kizirian, D. and Donnelly, M.A. 2005. Reproductive phenology of three lizard species in Costa Rica with comments on seasonal reproduction of neotropical lizards. Journal of Herpetology 39(3): 341-348.

Whitfield, S.M. and Pierce, M.S.F. 2005. Tree Buttress Microhabitat Use by a Neotropical Leaf-Litter Herpetofauna. Journal of Herpetology 39(2): 192-198.

Citation: Arredondo, J.C., Mayer, G.C. & Castro, F. 2010. Lepidoblepharis xanthostigma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T178224A7501664. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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