|Scientific Name:||Platyrrhinus helleri|
|Species Authority:||(Peters, 1866)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is a species complex, individuals south of Panama are a separate species, further systematic reviews are required (Velasco 2005). Includes zarhinus. May include brachycephalus. Reviewed by Ferrell and Wilson (1991) and Anderson (1996).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Miller, B., Reid, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern as it is widespread, fairly common, is thought to have a large population and is tolerant to a broad range of habitats.
|Range Description:||The species ranges from Oaxaca and Veracruz, southern Mexico through the Isthmus, broadly across northern South America and the western portion of Brazil; also Trinidad (Eisenberg, 1989; Koopman, 1993). Lowlands to 1,500 m (Reid, 1997). Also Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Fairly common (Reid, 1997).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species prefers moist habitats, such as evergreen forest, dry deciduous forest, semideciduous forest, forest edge, and fruit groves (Reid, 1997). It also occurs in Cerrado (Aguiar and Zortea pers. comm.) and tolerates man-made clearings. Evidence indicates the species is strongly frugivorous (Gardner, 1977); diet includes figs, Cecropia and Acnistus; occasionally consumes insects, including Lepidoptera (Howell and Burch, 1974; Bonaccorso, 1978). They roost in pairs or small groups high in the crowns of tree, caves, buildings, tunnels, hollow trees, under palm leaves, and among foliage. This species is not known to make tents. Reproduction usually coincides with the onset of the rainy season and varies locally In Venezuela, the species may be very abundant in favorable habitat but can be netted in numbers only if nets are set in the canopy (Handley, 1976). In seasonally dry areas, it is usually caught in mist nets set over or near streams. Birth peaks occur in March-April and July-August (Ferrel and Wilson, 1991).|
|Major Threat(s):||None known.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species occurs in a number of protected areas througout its range.|
Bonaccorso, F. J. 1978. Foraging and reproductive ecology in a Panamanian bat community. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 24: 359-408.
Eisenberg, J. F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.
Ferrel, C. S. and Wilson, D. E. 1991. Platyrrhynus helleri. Mammalian Species 373: 1-5.
Gardner, A. L. 1977. Feeding habits. In: R. J. Baker, J. K. Jones, Jr. and D. C. Carter (eds), Biology of bats of the New World family Phyllostomidae, pp. 293-350. Special Publication. Museum Texas Tech University.
Handley Jr., C. O. 1976. Mammals of the Smithsonian Venezuelan Project. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series 20: 1-91.
Howell, D. J. and Burch, D. 1974. Food habits of some Costa Rican bats. Revista de Biologia Tropical 21: 281-294.
Koopman, K. F. 1993. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, pp. 137–241. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C., USA.
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Velazco, P. M. 2005. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of the broad-nosed bats, Genus Platyrrhinus (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae). Fieldiana: Zoology 105: 1-53.
|Citation:||Miller, B., Reid, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2008. Platyrrhinus helleri. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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