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Plagiodontia aedium 

Scope:Global
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_onStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Capromyidae

Scientific Name: Plagiodontia aedium
Species Authority: F. Cuvier, 1836
Common Name(s):
English Cuvier's Hutia, Hispaniolan Hutia, Hispanolan Hutia

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A4acde ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Turvey, S. & Incháustegui, S.
Reviewer(s): McKnight, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)
Justification:
This species is considered to be Endangered due to an estimated past and projected future population reduction. Over the past 2 generations (20 years) and one generation into the future (10 years) the total population will have been reduced by over 50% due to invasive species, habitat loss, persecution as a crop pest, and hunting.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Vulnerable (VU)
1994 Rare (R)
1990 Rare (R)
1988 Indeterminate (I)
1986 Indeterminate (I)
1982 Indeterminate (I)
1965 Status inadequately known-survey required or data sought

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known a few isolated areas on Hispaniola.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Dominican Republic; Haiti
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Almost nothing is known about this species. On a recent survey near Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, the species was not uncommon, but was only found in isolated areas where they were considered to be an agricultural pest (Turvey pers. comm.). Populations have been drastically reduced, and are restricted to a few remaining areas of suitable habitat.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is poorly known. It is terrestrial and arboreal and inhabits subtropical and tropical forest, as well as rocky areas. It is known to live in rocky outcrops and hide in crevices among rocks. It is herbivorous (folivorous) and eats numerous plants and local crops.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Often killed as a crop pest and opportunistically hunted for food in Haiti. Increasing habitat destruction both within and outside of protected areas is a major threat. In addition, invasive species (mongoose, cats, dogs and rats) persecute and kill individuals of the species. These compounding factors have resulted in the extirpation of the animal from much of its former range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in a number of protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.3. Persecution/control
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Felis catus)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Canis familiaris)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality


♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Sullivan, C. P. 1983. Status and distribution of Plagiodontia aedium in the Dominican Republic. Unpublished Masters, University of Florida.

Turvey, S. T., Meredith, H. M. R. and Scofield, R. P. 2008. 'Continued survival of the Hispaniolan solendon (Solenodon paradaxus) in Haiti. Oryx 42: 611-614.

Woods, C. A. and Kilpatrick, C. W. 2005. Infraorder Hystricognathi. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 1538-1599. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.


Citation: Turvey, S. & Incháustegui, S. 2008. Plagiodontia aedium. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T17460A7086930. . Downloaded on 10 February 2016.
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