|Scientific Name:||Posidonia denhartogii|
|Species Authority:||J.Kuo & Cambridge|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is part of the P. ostenfeldii complex and is therefore treated as a separate species (Kuo and Cambridge 1984). This species is currently undergoing taxonomic review.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Short, F.T., Carruthers, T.J.R., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A., Fourqurean, J.W., Callabine, A., Kenworthy, W.J. & Dennison, W.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. & Carpenter, K.E.|
This species is found in open ocean and is commonly recorded. The population status is unknown and there are no major threats, although there are localized declines due to human activities. The overall population is thought to be stable. This species is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Posidonia denhartogii is endemic to southwestern Australia, ranging from Perth to eastern South Australia.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – eastern
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no specific population information for Posidonia denhartogii. The overall population is thought to be stable.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The P. ostenfeldii complex typically form patchy meadows with mixed species in open ocean or rough water sublittoral habitats (Cambridge 1975). They are characterised by their long, thick, leathery leaves and long leaf sheaths that are deeply buried. These characters appear to be associated with strong wave movement and mobile sand substratum typical of the environments in which they are found (Kuo and Cambridge 1984).|
Campey et al. (2000) implies that vegetative morphological characters, upon which five species of the P. ostenfeldii complex were erected, was not effective for the identification of species from multiple samples from any one location.
|Generation Length (years):||15|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats may include coastal development by industry, pipelines, communication cables, mining and dredging. Additional threats include pollution from eutrophication causing seagrass overgrowth and smothering of epiphytes, aquaculture, farming and direct physical damage by recreational and commercial boating activities (Green and Short 2003).|
|Conservation Actions:||It is recommended that the whole P. ostenfeldii complex be reanalyzed and that further morphological and genetic work is carried out (Campey et al. 2000).|
Cambridge, M.L. 1975. Seagrasses of south-western Australia with special reference to the ecology of Posidonia australis Hook f. in a polluted environment. Aquatic Botany 1: 149-161.
Cambridge, M.L. and Kuo, J. 1979. Two new species of seagrasses from Australia, Posidonia sinuosa and P. angustifolia (Posidoniaceae). Aquatic Botany 6: 307-328.
Campey, M.L., Waycott, M. and Kendrick, G.A. 2000. Re-evaluating species boundaries among members of the Posidonia ostenfeldii species complex (Posidoniaceae) - morphological and genetic variation. Aquatic Botany 66(1): 41-56.
den Hartog, C. 1970. The sea-grasses of the world. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, afd, Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks 59: 1-275.
Green, E.P and Short, F.T. 2003. World Atlas of Seagrasses. University of California Press, Berkeley.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Kuo, J. and Cambridge, M.L. 1984. A taxonomic study of the Posidonia ostenfeldii complex (Posidoniaceae) with descriptions of four new Australian seagrasses. Aquatic Botany 20: 267-95.
|Citation:||Short, F.T., Carruthers, T.J.R., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A., Fourqurean, J.W., Callabine, A., Kenworthy, W.J. & Dennison, W.C. 2010. Posidonia denhartogii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T173350A6997176.Downloaded on 20 January 2017.|
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