Halodule ciliata 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Najadales Cymodoceaceae

Scientific Name: Halodule ciliata
Species Authority: (Hartog) Hartog
Common Name(s):
English Species code: Hi
Taxonomic Notes: Halodule ciliata was originally described as Diplanthera ciliata.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2007-10-23
Assessor(s): Short, F.T.
Reviewer(s): Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. & Carpenter, K.E.
There is very little information known about Halodule ciliata. It is only known from Taboga Island, Panama where it has not been recorded since 1970. Research on all aspects of its ecology are recommended. Investigation into possible threats to this species are also recommended as it has a very restricted distribution and could possibly be placed in a threatened category if more information was known, or may possibly be extinct. This species is listed as Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Halodule ciliata is endemic to Panama in the Pacific Ocean and the specific morphological type to which the species name was applied is known only from Taboga Island near Panama City.
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – eastern central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is very little information about this species, which is known only from herbarium specimens. In 1970, the Panama population was considered to be a possible relict (den Hartog 1970). Field surveys looking for the population in 2009 found no seagrasses around Taboga Island in Panama (A. Prathep pers. comm. 2009). Additional thorough surveys and searches along the Pacific coast of Panama are needed to determine the current status of Halodule ciliata, as this species may be extinct.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: There is no information known about the habitat and ecology of this species.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to this species are not known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Research on this species taxonomy, distribution, ecology, biology and threats is recommended.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.9. Marine Neritic - Seagrass (Submerged)
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

den Hartog, C. 1970. The sea-grasses of the world. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, afd, Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks 59: 1-275.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: (Accessed: 2 September 2010).

Citation: Short, F.T. 2010. Halodule ciliata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T173334A6993582. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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