|Scientific Name:||Coenonympha orientalis|
|Species Authority:||Rebel, 1910|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2c ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.|
|Reviewer(s):||Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)|
The species has a limited range in Europe. A strong decline is reported from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is considered as Vulnerable at the European level. The situation in Greece (EU27 country) is unclear, therefore it is listed as Data Deficient in the EU27.
|Range Description:||The Balkan Heath is restricted to a small area of the Balkans, between 800-2,000 m elevation. This is a European endemic species.|
Native:Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Montenegro; Serbia (Serbia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||A local species, restricted to (semi-) natural areas. Strong declines in distribution or population size of more than 30% have been reported from Bosnia and Herzegovina (data provided by the national partners of Butterfly Conservation Europe).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is local in grassy woodland clearings. Detailed habitat descriptions are not available.|
|Use and Trade:||All butterflies are collected to some extent, but only for the extremely rare species it can be a problem and the trade in Europe is generally at a low level compared to other continents. There is no specific trade information for this species.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species has a limited global range and only occurs in a few countries in the Balkan. The ecology and habitat requirements are largely unknown. This butterfly is probably threatened by abandonment.|
|Conservation Actions:||More research on distribution and ecology is needed. Important habitats should be protected and managed. The effects of conservation actions should be monitored by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.|
Boillat, H. 1990. Coenonympha (superspecies gardetta) orientalis Rebel - Mise au point taxonomique (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Alexanor 16(7): 395-412.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.1). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 March 2010).
|Citation:||van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J. 2010. Coenonympha orientalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 October 2014.|
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