|Scientific Name:||Calumma vencesi|
|Species Authority:||Andreone, Mattioli, Jesu & Randrianirina, 2001|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Specimens resembling this species have been recorded from near Makira at approximately 50 m asl., but these require confirmation (F. Glaw pers. comm. January 2011).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Jenkins, R.K.B., Andreone, F., Andriamazava, A., Anjeriniaina, M., Brady, L., Glaw, F., Griffiths, R.A., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotomalala, D., Randrianantoandro, J.C., Randrianiriana, J., Randrianizahana , H., Ratsoavina, F. & Robsomanitrandrasana, E.|
|Reviewer/s:||Bowles, P. & Tolley, K.|
Listed as Endangered on the a basis that, although the range of this species species is not well understood, it is potentially as low as 591 km², in an area subject to a continuing decline in the area and quality of forest habitat due to logging and agriculture, and which probably represents a single location, and certainly fewer than five, defined by a shared risk from these processes.
This species has a restricted range in the northeast of Madagascar where it has been collected from three forests, Betaolana, Besariaka and Tsararano, to the northwest of the Andapa basin (Andreone et al. 2001). It has been recorded between 700 and 960 m elevation, but probably occurs between 600 and 1,000 m (Andreone et al. 2001). It has not been recorded from Masoala (F. Andreone pers. comm. January 2011). The chameleon's estimated extent of occurrence is 591 km².
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This chameleonis thought to be locally abundant, with one report of 10 individuals found per four hours of search effort (Andreone et al. 2001). Its intolerance of habitat degradation in an area of Madagascar where forests are subjected to heavy human use suggests the population is likely to be declining.
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This species is believed to be restricted to intact lowland humid forest. It uses the understorey, 10-90 cm above the ground, for night roosts (Andreone et al. 2001). Its absence from degraded forest areas indicates that it is intolerant of habitat modification (Andreone et al. 2001)
Habitat loss and degradation due to slash-and-burn agriculture and logging (especially of rosewood) represent threats to this chameleon, which requires intact forest for its persistence.
|Conservation Actions:||This species is not recorded from any protected areas, although it may occur in the Makira new protected area. Research is needed to clarify the distributional extent of this species and the identity of specimens from Makira, and information is needed on population trends. Areas where this species is known to occur should be placed under conservation management to ensure the survival of this disturbance-sensitive chameleon.|
Andreone, F., Mattioli, F., Jesu, R. and Randrianirina, J.E. 2001. Two new chameleons of the genus Calumma from north-east Madagascar, with observations on hemipenal morphology in the Calumma furcifer group (Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleonidae). Herpetological Journal 11: 53-68.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
|Citation:||Jenkins, R.K.B., Andreone, F., Andriamazava, A., Anjeriniaina, M., Brady, L., Glaw, F., Griffiths, R.A., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotomalala, D., Randrianantoandro, J.C., Randrianiriana, J., Randrianizahana , H., Ratsoavina, F. & Robsomanitrandrasana, E. 2011. Calumma vencesi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 December 2013.|
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