Uroplatus malama 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Gekkonidae

Scientific Name: Uroplatus malama Nussbaum & Raxworthy, 1995

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-01-28
Assessor(s): Glaw, F., Ratsoavina, F. & Ramanamanjato, J.-B.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P. & Cox, N.A.
Contributor(s): Jenkins, R.K.B.
Listed as Vulnerable on the basis that it has an extent of occurrence of 12,899 km², it occurs as a severely fragmented population and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and apparently also in the number of mature individuals.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This leaf-tailed gecko is endemic to Madagascar, where it has been recorded from a few sites in the southeast of the island (Glaw and Vences 2007). It appears to be localized within this region. Reported localities include Andohahela (Nussbaum et al. 1999), Ampamakiesiny (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 1995), Kalambatritra (Andreone and Randrianirina 2007), Ranomafana-Sud (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 1995), Ivorona and Farafara (Ramanamanajato et al. in press), and Pic Ivohibe (Raselimanana 1999). This species has been recorded between 100 m (Ramanamanajato et al. in press) and 1,700 m (Andreone and Randrianirina 2007). It has an estimated extent of occurrence of 12,899 km².

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):100
Upper elevation limit (metres):1700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


This gecko does not appear to be abundant, but there is no quantitative population information. The population is likely to be decreasing, and it is reported that specimens are harder to find now than in the past (J.-B. Ramanamanajato pers. comm. January 2011). The species appears to be highly localized, and the population is presumed to be severely fragmented.

Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This nocturnal lizard lives in intact mid-altitude and montane humid forest. It has been observed active on trees at heights of two metres (Glaw and Vences 2007). It lays two spherical eggs.

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is likely to be attractive to collectors, but appears not to be collected from the wild and there are no records of its occurrence in the European pet trade. Small quotas have been issued in the past set by Malagasy law, including annual export quotas of 10 animals 2008 and 2009, but there was no quota in 2010.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species needs relatively intact forest for survival and is threatened by the clearance of this habitat for rice cultivation, especially at lower altitudes.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in three protected areas, at Kalambatitra, Ivohibe and Andohahela. The species is listed on CITES Appendix II. More information is needed on this species' distribution between known sites, and population trends need to be quantified to confirm the apparent decline.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Andreone, F. and Randriamahazo, H. 1997. Ecological and taxonomic observations on the amphibians and reptiles of the Andohahela low altitude rainforest, S. Madagascar. Revue fr. Aquariol 24: 95-128.

Andreone, F. and Randrianirina, J. 2007. The amphibians and reptiles of Kalambatritra, a little-known rainforest of south-eastern Madagascar. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino 24: 179-190.

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Nussbaum, R.A. and Raxworthy, C.J. 1995. New Uroplatus Dumeril (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidaae of the ebenaui-Group from the Anosy Mountains of southern Madagascar. Copeia 1995(1): 118-124.

Nussbaum, R.A., Raxworthy, C.J., Raselimanana, A.P. and Ramanamanjato, J.-B. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar. Fieldiana Zoology 94: 155-173.

Raselimanana, A.P. 1999. Herpetofauna. In: S.M. Goodman and B. Rasolonandrasana (eds), Inventaire biologique de la Reserve Spéciale du Pic d'Ivohibe et du couloir forestier qui la relie au Parc National d'Andringtra.

Citation: Glaw, F., Ratsoavina, F. & Ramanamanjato, J.-B. 2011. Uroplatus malama. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172876A6933839. . Downloaded on 22 July 2018.
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